If the Court considers the dismissal invalid, the employer has to pay the 4 months salary of the notice period. Ask our employment lawyer in Amsterdam about this. What matters is that the behavior is absolutely unacceptable for the employer. The financial loss of the employee as a consequence of the dismissal is the most important factor. The consequences of immediate dismissal are therefore also serious: no Dutch unemployment benefit and no salary. In practice, the following reasons often result in immediate dismissal: fraud, violence at work of theft. In the case of an instant dismissal the employer does not terminate the employment contract immediately but applies to the Sub district Court to dissolve … This requires immediate and diligent action from the employer. -, Legal advice on settlement agreement in Amsterdam -, Geen transitievergoeding na ontslag wegens onvoldoende medewerking aan reintegratie? Termination in the Netherlands is based on a system of preventive review instead of repressive legal action (as is most common in other countries). The employer needs permission for dismissal and has two options depending on the reasons for dismissal: via a district or cantonal court, if the working relationship is damaged, or the UWV, in case of economic reasons or illness. In certain cases, the employee retains his right to WW, for example with a settlement agreement. If your employer is dismissing you from your job then there are certain procedures they should follow. In the event of gross misconduct on behalf of the employee, the employer can “fire” the employee immediately and without severance compensation. Last year there was a case of instant dismissal that did not end the way the employee had wanted (because they were not aware of the new law). If undesired behavior of the employee is incorporated in an employee handbook, instant dismissal is possible even in the event of minor offences. This consisted all salary and missed pension accrual until the pension date of the employee. Employers need to be sure an employee is guilty of gross misconduct to avoid paying compensation Very often an employer will need to dispense with the services of an employee instantly, particularly if the individual is a threat to the business. For instance: with 15 or more service years, the statutory notice period is 4 months. ... (instant) dismissal existed. The factors are out of the employee’s control and relate to the steps that the employer must take to protect his/her business against financial failure. The employee must be heard: if he’s denied that opportunity, it can affect the legitimacy of the dismissal. A brief guide to key legal considerations surrounding employee dismissals and redundancies in Netherlands, including relevant procedures and grounds for challenge. First of all, the employer can request an amount equal to the applicable notice period. in Amsterdam wegens corona -, Opzegging arbeidscontract en schadevergoeding -, What are the consequences for a subtenant if the Dutch tenancy agreement between the main tenant and the landlord e…, Wat zijn de gevolgen voor een onderhuurder als de huurovereenkomst tussen hoofdhuurder en verhuurder eindigt? To rescue me from instant dismissal, the couple insisted that the tub was requested only for maternal relaxation, where precipitous birth ensued. The employer should mention all reasons in the dismissal letter and make clear that all these reasons both individually and combined constitute grounds for instant dismissal. Employees can be dismissed summarily only for compelling reasons. Questions?Jos Willemsen06-25248130This email address is being protected from spambots. A request like this serves as an “insurance policy” for the employer: if the employee misconduct is not sufficient for an instant dismissal, or if the instant dismissal was late, such a request can save the day for the employer. This carries serious consequences for the employee. There is (with some exceptions) no obligation on behalf of the employer to pay a severance compensation to the employee. Therefore, call our lawyer in Amsterdam as soon as you have been dismissed or have received a letter of dismissal. Netherlands Enterprise Agency RVO If your employee calls in sick, they do not have to tell you exactly what is wrong. Instant dismissal. For immediate dismissal (summary or instant dismissal) you need a Dutch lawyer in Amsterdam who is a specialist in dismissal law. Furthermore, instant dismissal is used to force a breakthrough to get rid of an employee, in a situation that normally wouldn’t warrant a dismissal. Due to the instant dismissal, no notice period is observed. If the Court agrees that there is gross misconduct for which the employee is to blame, the dismissal can take place without any severance compensation. The principal factor here is that the employees are not necessarily responsible for the dismissal. The conflict will escalate. This additional compensation raises the stakes. Instant dismissal is very profound because the employee immediately loses his/her job and salary, and is also not entitled to unemployment benefits. -, Wettelijke indexering alimentatie per 1 januari 2021 -, Kan een werkgever een ontslag opstaande voet intrekken? The Act also applies to international employers who have employees working in the Netherlands. Because the policies of the employer were crystal clear (eating of left overs during work never allowed), the employee could be instantly dismissed. Such dismissal is only possible when there is an ‘urgent reason’ such as, fraud, theft, aggression, or being tardy too often. No, it’s not necessary that the employee is liable. It is fairly common in the Netherlands, in order to avoid court proceedings, to offer compensation to the managing director at the time of dismissal or shortly thereafter. After all, in the event of summary dismissal the employment contract ends without a decision of a Dutch judge or UWV. This odd (and rare) situation has appeared a number of times in Court cases. Following several meetings and warnings, the employer decided to transfer him to another job and location. However, in case of summary termination, the employment contract ends with immediate effect. This specialist attorney will give expats and employers immediate legal advice and assistance. Whether dismissal in the above circumstances is considered fair will depend on the specific circumstances (including the employee’s circumstances) and potentially the process that has been followed. Foreign nationals subject to the visa requirement that is, all foreign nationals except those from visa waiver countries (see above), who will stay in The Netherlands for more than 90 days, require an entry visa (and a residence permit).The visa can be obtained from the Dutch embassy or Dutch consulate in the foreign national's country, or the … For instance, theft is not in the list, but (obviously) is an urgent cause for dismissal. A number of circumstances are important, such as the nature and seriousness of the accusation, what is the position and how long have you been in service; how did you carry out that work; have any warnings been given or do you? An employer can have multiple reasons to dismiss an employee: for instance multiple cases of theft. The consequences of an instant dismissal for the employee cannot be overestimated. Obviously, cases where the dismissal is for substantial reasons provide the exception to prove this rule. A notorious example is a cleaner at Amsterdam Schiphol Airport who ate a small bag of peanuts that was left over after a flight. If the employee’s performance does not improve over time, then the employer may have reasonable grounds for dismissal. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. The instant dismissal by Ryanair due to refusal to change work locations is upheld donderdag 25 januari 2018 Last week, the decision of 4 December 2017 by the Subdistrict Section of the Subdistrict Court Oost-Brabant was published in Jurisprudentie Arbeidsrecht (JAR). Personal circumstances can be very important. Summary dismissal overrides the requirement of a notice period and therefore the employee is not entitled to receive their notice period. Procedure for obtaining approval. You need to act quickly in case of immediate dismissal (summary or instant dismissal), because there are very short legal deadlines. Even in the event of theft, something that almost always warrants an instant dismissal, there are exceptions based on personal issues. At the request of a dismissal lawyer, the judge will have to decide whether the termination is legally valid. If the employee starts Court proceedings against the employer in order to challenge the dismissal, the employer can request a “conditional dissolution/termination” (voorwaardelijke ontbinding) of the employment agreement. However, the employer must pay a severance compensation (transitievergoeding). This must be done as soon as the urgent reason has come to the attention of the employer. What are your rights and obligations in the event of dismissal or if you have been dismissed because of an urgent reason? Our experienced lawyers and employment attorneys can properly assess the dismissal and challenge it in court within two months (the deadline). Annulment of the dismissal & reinstatement in his job; or. He or she can then join you in protesting against the dismissal, see if a settlement is possible, or start a procedure with the subdistrict court. Within 2 months after the dismissal, a request needs to be filed at the Court. Can you instantly dismiss an employee in the Netherlands? Employees who are instantly dismissed are not entitled to any unemployment benefits. An employee confronted with an instant dismissal has to act swiftly as well. Policies of the employer are very relevant. Grounds for dismissal. This means that the employee can be dismissed without notice or a payment in lieu of notice. As soon as there is an urgent reason, he must dismiss the employee immediately (without delay). After all, the employee is not liable and needs to be compensated for the consequences of the dismissal. Summary dismissal in the Netherlands is quite rare. Dutch employment law mentions some examples of urgent causes. Unlike the attorney general, the Supreme Court ruled, on 30 March 2018, that an employer may also owe a transition payment after a justified instant dismissal (SC 30 March 2018, ECLI:NL:HR:2018:484). Dutch legislation covers areas such as trial periods, holidays, notice and dismissal, minimum wages, health and safety, and equal treatment. Examples of internal crime are employees taking money from the till, employees offering discounts to friends or employees stealing money or products. In the event of gross misconduct on behalf of the employee, the employer can “fire” the employee immediately and without severance compensation. The employee’s behavior must be so serious that an employer may dismiss an employee immediately. Drafting the dismissal letter is therefore a very critical process. Definition contract of employment Form contract of employment Employer’s obligations Employee’s obligations Termination of the employment contract Termination during trial period Termination by notice and by judicial rescission Mutual consent Summary dismissal Non-competition clauses Further information Introduction to Dutch labour law Dutch labour law is … That is why the court in or outside Amsterdam will deal with this carefully and will always ask the employer to prove the urgent reason. Summary dismissal. In a recent employment case in the Netherlands, an employer applied for the dismissal of an employee for unsatisfactory performance. Dismissal obstacles like illness, pregnancy or membership of a works council (which normally would prevent the employer from being able to terminate the employment) are not applicable in the event of an instant dismissal. In this (rare) event, there can be a valid instant dismissal. There are 3 cumulative severance compensations the employee can claim on the basis of wrongful termination. In cases of fraud or violence, for example, many employers will decide to dismiss […] ... (instant) dismissal as a sanction. Yes. (c) Advocatenkantoor WS Advocaten Amsterdam, WS Advocaten en mediators Amsterdam |Rooseveltlaan 2 - 4, Lawyer in Amsterdam for Expats and employers who specializes in dismissal law, Compensation if immediate dismissal is unjustified, Contact our Amsterdam lawyer: specialist in dismissal law. in Amsterdam wegens corona, Opzegging arbeidscontract en schadevergoeding bij accepteren ontslag. Incorrect wording can result in serious evidentiary problems in Court. For more information about dismissal, please call Solidarity’s legal experts at 0861 25 24 23. It must then be clear that both parties agree that there is (no longer) an urgent reason. A lot of employers have a “zero tolerance” policy as to unacceptable behavior. In the event of immediate dismissal, our Amsterdam labour law lawyer can assist you to initiate (emergency) proceedings, conduct a defense or start negotiations. Court case of 28 August 2020: instant dismissal of an employee who ignored the instruction to close the restaurant during the lockdown period is declared valid. In short this means that, if an employer wants to terminate an employee’s employment agreement, it will have to request permission from the relevant authorities (UWV) or the County Court prior to such termination. READ MORE. In Dutch labour law practice, there may be all kinds of cases that are not mentioned in the law, but are nevertheless an urgent reason. For example, an employer may not wait too long with immediate dismissal. Instant dismissal. Employment contracts under Dutch law In the event of gross misconduct on behalf of the employee, the employer can “fire” the employee immediately … As an alternative, a request can be filed at the Court on the basis of (the same) gross misconduct, while suspending the employee. Examples of an urgent reason are: serious crimes at work, for example theft or violence. The Act applies to all employers and employees in the Netherlands. Claiming a “billijke vergoeding” (which is a considerably higher severance compensation, in order to compensate the employee for the consequences of the wrongful dismissal). However, if an addiction is the cause of the behavior, the personal circumstances (medical reasons) can prevent the employer to dismiss the employee. In the Netherlands on the 15th of March at 18:00, all the restaurants and cafés had to close, further to COVID-19 measures from the Dutch government (lockdown). A lawyer in Amsterdam who specializes in dismissal law for expats and employers can explain your rights and obligations and what you should do. Stealing company property is the most common reason why Dutch bosses sack workers on the spot. This specialist attorney will give expats and employers immediate legal advice and assistance. In some cases your employer might be able to instantly dismiss you without going through the normal disciplinary procedures. Have an urgent cause to dismiss (mostly gross misconduct); Provide the employee with an explanatory letter. Instant dismissal in the Netherlands. If the applicable notice period is for instance 2 months, the employer can claim 2 monthly salaries from the employee. Appointment and Dismissal of Staff in the Netherlands The procedures for appointment and dismissal of staff are partially covered by the Civil Code of the Netherlands and partially clarified by the judicial system. It is therefore best to make an appointment for legal advice with our law firm in Amsterdam. Instant dismissal is an exceptional form of dismissal in which an employer can fire an employee on the spot for serious cases of misconduct such as theft, embezzlement, abuse, insult or refusal to work. This amounts to 1/6 monthly salary for every 6 months of service, including holiday allowance. The employee would have been incapable of organizing and managing. Both employers and employees are entitled to terminate the employment contract with immediate effect for urgent cause, without having to observe the statutory or contractual notice period and without having to seek a permit from the UWV. var prefix = 'ma' + 'il' + 'to'; Instant dismissal, also called summary dismissal, permits an employer to sack an employee immediately only if the employee engages in sufficiently serious misconduct. If you are too late, or submit an incorrect claim, this will be considered a serious error and the dismissal will be confirmed by the court. In addition, the employer can claim the actual damages suffered. This however is a risky strategy, given the substantial exposure (see 4). The employment contract then ends immediately. An instant dismissal can sometimes take place without any liability on behalf of the employee. The employer provides the employee with a dismissal letter containing the cause for the dismissal. If an employer strongly rejects certain behavior, it pays to incorporate prohibitions in staff regulations or an employee handbook. There are in The Netherlands also many rules on whether immediate dismissal is valid. For example, if an employee has a lot of service years and steals something very small, this may not result in a valid dismissal. -. This is to ensure that an employer acts carefully. The employer should have pointed out that the employee was entitled to react to the complaint within 48 hours and that he could seek counsel. But a dismissal is by no means final in all cases. Instant dismissal is not without risk: if not all requirements are met, there can be significant financial exposure for the employer. The situation for an employee with just one service year can be different, although the behavior is exactly the same. All circumstances of the case are relevant in determining the amount. This also serves as an example to other employees, that will hopefully abstain from the unwanted behavior in the future. An oral statement is not sufficient: the employer will have substantial problems in terms of evidence as to the cause(s) of the dismissal. We can ask the judge to reinstate you and to pay your outstanding salary. In the Netherlands 22 percent of women deliver at home with certified midwives in a system designed to foster cooperation and facilitate transfers to hospital if needed [5]. A good example is employee fraud. addyed9606bb0c636272b2527f4f89e8e67e = addyed9606bb0c636272b2527f4f89e8e67e + 'wkadvocaten' + '.' + 'nl'; Fraud and conflicts about reintegrating workers who have been off sick each account for 12% of instant dismissal cases. WS Advocaten Amsterdam use third party analytics cookies. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. var path = 'hr' + 'ef' + '='; WhatsApp messages in which an employee expresses his opinion about a superior in an offensive manner can be sufficient reason for the employee’s instant dismissal. In the Netherlands, one can appeal a district court’s decision and, if necessary, lodge an appeal with the Supreme Court. There are strict rules for a legally valid termination. Instant dismissal (also called summary dismissal) is an appealing topic in Dutch employment law. Or fraud combined with verbal aggression towards colleagues. An older, high earning employee can for instance claim several annual salaries: it might be unlikely that he will find other employment at his job level. You must continue paying your sick employee’s wages and you cannot simply dismiss sick staff. If the instant dismissal is determined invalid by the Court (and the employee does not seek reinstatement) a special severance compensation (“billijke vergoeding”) needs to be paid. The most radical form of dismissal is ‘instant dismissal’. International Dismissal Survey 1 Introduction The third edition of the International Dismissal Survey comprises the legislation of 31 countries: Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech ... the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. What’s an urgent reason? Therefore, if you have any questions about immediate dismissal (summary or instant dismissal), please contact our Amsterdam Employment Law lawyers. So het or she can immediately call in a lawyer specialised in employment law. Instant dismissal (also called summary dismissal) is an appealing topic in Dutch employment law. The Supreme Court determined that seriously culpable actions or omissions cannot be assumed merely because there is an urgent cause for instant dismissal. Instant dismissal in the Netherlands Instant dismissal (also called summary dismissal) is an appealing topic in Dutch employment law. If a specialized lawyer challenges his dismissal on time, a dismissed employee, may be entitled to a transition allowance. The employee cannot make a claim for unemployment benefits (WW), except if he manages to successfully challenge the dismissal. The employee had been instantly dismissed on October 2, … In order to dismiss an employee with immediate effect the employer should: This should concern gross misconduct that makes it unacceptable (for the employer) to continue the employment agreement. The court may decide that the employer must pay a substantial compensation if immediate dismissal is unjustified. var addyed9606bb0c636272b2527f4f89e8e67e = 'info' + '@'; In case of gross misconduct by the employee, the employee can be summarily (instantly) dismissed. Whatever the reason for the dismissal, an employer must inform the employee of this as soon as possible, stating the reasons for the immediate dismissal. A dynamic can develop in which a situation that warrants a dismissal is created. Wat zijn de gevolgen voor een onderhuurder als de huurovereenkomst tussen hoofdhuurder en verhuurder eindigt? This can be a very substantial amount (see question 3). There are many Dutch laws covering employment and contracts in the Netherlands. document.getElementById('cloaked9606bb0c636272b2527f4f89e8e67e').innerHTML = ''; Geen transitievergoeding na ontslag wegens onvoldoende medewerking aan reintegratie? My landlord in Amsterdam does not return my deposit, Deposit and/or additional costs in a Dutch rental agreement, Advocatenkantoor Amsterdam voor familierecht, Adviseur gespecialiseerd in ambtenarenrecht, Huurverlaging voor ondernemers (horeca, winkels, etc.) The employee has two options: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about instant dismissal in Dutch employment law. In principle, this makes it possible to enforce the rules with an instant dismissal. The court however ruled that the instant dismissal was too severe, given the fact that the employer had not followed its own internal sanctioning procedure. If too much time passes after the discovery of the unacceptable behavior, the dismissal will not be considered “without delay” and therefore be not valid. First, there is the obligation to pay a “transition compensation” (transitievergoeding) to every employee that doesn’t bear gross liability as to the dismissal. The investigation has to be swift but diligent. The desired outcome of this is that, if the Court deems the instant dismissal invalid (the condition), the Court can still terminate the employment agreement. Ontslag door reorganisatie: hulp van ontslagadvocaat, Huurverlaging voor ondernemers (horeca, winkels, etc.) For immediate dismissal (summary or instant dismissal) you need a Dutch lawyer in Amsterdam who is a specialist in dismissal law. Kan een werkgever een ontslag op staande voet intrekken? Instant dismissal in the Netherlands. Or we can claim severance pay. var addy_texted9606bb0c636272b2527f4f89e8e67e = 'info' + '@' + 'wkadvocaten' + '.' + 'nl';document.getElementById('cloaked9606bb0c636272b2527f4f89e8e67e').innerHTML += ''+addy_texted9606bb0c636272b2527f4f89e8e67e+'<\/a>'; This email address is being protected from spambots. However, instant dismissal is (in principle) also possible in the event the employee is not personally liable for the behavior: the bottom line is that the gross misconduct cannot be tolerated by the employer and this exceptional situation justifies an instant dismissal. What instant dismissal is. In other cases, the employer needs permission from the UWV before it can be canceled. In the event of a successful instant dismissal, the employer can file a request for damages at the Court against the employee. For instance, if the employer can claim damages from the fraudulent employee who acted with intend. The personal circumstances of the employee are relevant. Gross misconduct (for instance a drunk employee) in principle leads to an urgent reason to dismiss. Instant dismissal; Warning Register Retail Trade; If you run a business in the Netherlands and you want to take action against internal crime, you have to comply with certain conditions. The employer has to investigate the situation properly before dismissing the employee. He must also state the reason immediately, so that the dismissed employee knows where he stands. And even better (for the employer): the employee should pay damages to the employer. Hence if there is a case of fraud or theft, they use instant dismissal to get rid of the employee. Your legal rights, wage and other conditions are determined by your personal contract. It is relatively easy to employ staff, but it may prove tricky to dismiss employees. If there is a sufficiently urgent reason for this, instant dismissal can be given or taken. Wettelijke indexering alimentatie per 1 januari 2021. Therefore, it’s required the employee acted intentionally or deliberate recklessness. By Annette van Beers on May 9, 2014 Posted in Europe, The Netherlands. Employers can have good reasons to fire an employee with an instant dismissal. Employment contracts may also be terminate by instant dismissal for ‘an urgent cause’ (serious misconduct). Furthermore, the employee can claim an additional compensation (billijke vergoeding). Instant dismissal. The highest severance compensation is more than EUR 1.000.000. Sometimes, however, it may take a little longer, for example due to necessary research, requesting legal advice from an attorney or collecting evidence. This list however is not exhaustive. After all, it is possible that employer and employee, with the help of a Dutch lawyer, still reach a mutual agreement on dismissal after a summary dismissal. For an employee with 21 service years, this means 7 monthly salaries. Finally, the employee can request a third compensation because the employer did not observe the notice period: the fixed compensation (gefixeerde schadevergoeding vanwege onregelmatige opzegging). Legal advice on settlement agreement in Amsterdam, Sociaal plan, ontslag en transitievergoeding.