As of 2014, there are 11,801 kilometres (7,333 mi) of narrow-gauge railways, 17,381 kilometres (10,800 mi) of standard gauge railways and 3,221 kilometres (2,001 mi) of broad gauge railways. The service's name is an … The loco crew were enjoying the drive out of Melbourne on a nice hot day when confronted by a buckled rail. In 1921 a royal commission into rail gauge was delivered, recommending gauge conversion of large areas of the country. Includes two 2-1/2", four 1-1/4", and four 5/8" sections. In 1956 a Government Members Rail Standardisation Committee was established, chaired by William Wentworth MP. Heavy vehicle hyrail systems are highly customisable and may be tailored to meet many requirements. The Ghan is known for travelling through remarkable scenery on its transcontinental journey. [1], The three main railway gauges in Australia are 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) narrow, 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard, and 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) broad; a slow progression towards unification to standard gauge has taken place since the 1930s.[1]. Both the connecting systems were 3'6", and this would have allowed traffic across Australia with one gauge change (Broken Hill from Sydney, and Terowie from Melbourne). Work on gauge conversion was assisted by section 51 (xxxiii) of the Constitution of Australia, which made specific provisions for the Commonwealth Parliament to make laws with respect to railway acquisition and construction. [3] As a result, the Regulating the Gauge of Railways Act 1846 was passed which prescribed the use of 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) in England, Scotland and Wales (with the exception of the Great Western Railway) and 5 ft 3 in (1,600 mm) in Ireland. An agreement was made with the South Australian and Western Australian state governments for the Trans-Australian Railway from Port Augusta to Kalgoorlie, with work started in 1911 and completed in 1917. Overbuilt English railways were criticised. It would be 94 years before all mainland state capitals were joined by one standard gauge. The remaining isolated broad gauge and narrow gauge lines were closed with the Mount Gambier and Mount Barker lines being the most controversial. [40], Gauge conversion of 2,000 kilometres of track in Victoria was announced by the State Government in May 2001 but did not proceed due to the difficulty of achieving any agreement with then track manager, Freight Australia. Australia, Triple gauge – 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) , 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) and 5 ft 3 in (1,600 mm) tracks – at Gladstone (SA) in March 1986, Rail gauges in Australia display significant variations, which has presented an extremely difficult problem for rail transport on the Australian continent for over 150 years. With benefits exceeding the cost by 2.8 times over 25 years, Australian National was able to obtain a loan for the funding of the work. [5][6][7] In 1847, South Australia adopted the impsg, In 1848, Governor of New South Wales, Charles Fitzroy, was advised by Secretary of State for the Colonies in London, Earl Grey, that one uniform gauge should be adopted in Australia, this being the British standard impsg. Intended use. We have created a browser extension. The first railway in colonial South Australia was a horse-drawn tramway from the port of Goolwa on the Murray River to an ocean harbour at Port Elliot in 1854. 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