The vines are massive. Best Varieties For North Texas. Change in color of rind. Harvest honeydew melons when the skin begins to turn yellow and the end of the fruit opposite the stem (blossom end) begins to soften. Figure 5. Melons are vining crops that require a lot of space, especially watermelons. ... here in Texas. After the plants are up, thin them to three to four plants per hill. The spot where the melon rests on the soil takes on a creamy, streaked color. More. Proper spacing of hills is important. Death or drying of the tendril. Figure 2. 2). Keep weeds away from the plants, especially at the beginning of the season while the plants are getting started. 0 Melons need bees to cross-pollinate the flowers. Turn the soil over so all organic matter is covered completely. For watermelons, apply a fertilizer high in phosphorous, such as 10-10-10, at a rate of 4 pounds per 1,000 square feet (60 to 90 feet of row). Apply fertilizer in a band along the row. Ripe melons often lose their glossy color. � �,�SDŽd���&L*)��=��,>� ip�����?V3-�ła8u�L{\��N�g���dž� Planting . Change in color of soil spot. h�bbd```b``v�S�l�. Dig or plow the soil 8 to 10 inches deep in winter or early spring. Rotating crops is very important in disease control. 479 0 obj <>stream Muskmelons can be grown in small gardens if the vines are trellised and the fruit is supported (Fig. Learn How to grow melons and watermelons in Houston. Muskmelons can be grown in small gardens if the vines are trellised and the fruit is supported (Fig. Watermelons are the state’s largest annual horticultural crop. Over 42,000 acres are grown throughout Texas … 426 0 obj <> endobj Melons prefer soils with a neutral pH, and if the soil is too acidic the plants will drop their blossoms. In Texas, the watermelon season is from June to August. 458 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<1596652058104E6EAC9BB36C13029A09>]/Index[426 54]/Info 425 0 R/Length 141/Prev 684856/Root 427 0 R/Size 480/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream In Luling, Texas, the watermelon is so popular that the town celebrates with an annual four day festival called the Watermelon Thump , which includes fun activities such as seed spitting, watermelon … %PDF-1.6 %���� Plant seeds in peat pots 2 to 4 weeks before transplanting. Then in each hill I plant … You should plant watermelons when the soil has reached at least 70°F. Transplant them into the garden before the second true leaf opens (Fig. Texas Gardening; watermelon; watermelon. You can start seedlings inside, in Houston around early March … Fertilize muskmelons and honeydews with 2 to 3 pounds of fertilizer for every 60 to 70 feet of row. For a good fall crop, plant early so squash will mature before the first killing frost. FALL Planting date: SEED or PLANT per 100 feet . Statewide economic impacts exceed $160 million. Since melons require well-drained soils, work the soil into ridges or hills 4 to 8 inches high and 12 to 14 inches wide for planting. Do not harvest melons too early because the sugar content does not increase after harvest. part 2 of instructions on how to grow giant watermelons in Texas. Fruit size can be increased by pruning watermelons to two fruits per plant for large varieties or four to six fruits per plant on small varieties. 1). This is the most dependable sign (Fig. Melons are warm-season crops and are easily injured by frost. Warmer soil helps … Fine sandy soils or heavy clay soils often crust when dry, so if the weather is dry after planting, the hill may need moistening to soften the soil. … 5). Watermelons need a long season of warm weather, from planting to harvesting, and Texas delivers. How to Plant Watermelon Pick an area of well-drained soil that gets plenty of sunlight for growing watermelons. Texas is one of the largest producers of watermelon in the U.S. and has a long history of growing and eating watermelons. Mark unread; Skip to new; Mark unread Print Skip to new. To prevent the buildup of diseases, do not plant melons in the same place more than once every 3 or 4 years. Space watermelon 3 to 5 feet apart in nutrient-rich, well-drained soil with a pH of 6.0 to 6.8. Plant watermelon from late spring to early summer, once soil temperatures reach 70° F or above. Squash does not grow well in cool weather. h޴��n�8�_��-��$PHҤ�n�u�(r��t�֖\I���w��c��)n�"�B�7�PJ{�0e� �8�N�]2��^1�X�͸� Melons do best with small amounts of fertilizer in two or three applications. Small varieties can weigh 10 lbs, while larger types can tip the scale at 200 lbs! Insect or other damage often makes another thinning unnecessary. In general, the bigger the watermelon variety, the longer it will take to reach maturity. Hea… Melons are vining crops that require a lot of space, especially watermelons. No matter how you cut it, melons are a traditional summer treat in Texas. Tri-County Producer and Landowner Symposium, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wc8xY2YuOfM. One hundred (100) percent of the state’s watermelon production goes to the fresh market. SPRING Planting date . According to Juan Anciso, Ph.D., a Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service vegetable specialist in Weslaco and professor with the Texas A&M College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, this year’s Brix count measures watermelon … Whether you plant in raised beds or in the ground, work compost into the soil at the rate of 50-100 pounds per 1000 square feet to … Figure 7. Melons grow best on a deep, well drained, sandy or sandy loam soil with plenty of organic matter. Planting several seeds per spot helps plants push through. Mid-March is usually time for the last frost of the season. Click for a hub of Extension resources related to the current COVID-19 situation. Melons grow best on a deep, well drained, sandy or sandy loam soil with plenty of organic matter. I mix together to form a mound about 12″ high and about 18″ round. Apply manure or compost at 50 to 100 pounds per 1,000 square feet, or about 2 to 4 tons per acre, to build the organic matter content of the soil. Frank J. Dainello, Extension Horticulturist ... How to Grow … Watermelons and melons are summer crops. Make the second fertilizer application to the side of the row when vines begin to run. Do not plant seeds until the soil warms in the spring and all danger of frost is past. Your vegetable planning guide for Fort Worth, Texas. If left long enough, the stem will naturally separate from the fruit. One of the keys to grow watermelons successfully – starting them off in a mix of compost, manure and soil. Plant watermelon seeds at the last sign of winter; when there is no more chance of frost. Figure 4. To produce the sugar necessary for sweet fruit, the melons need hot weather. Ask your county Extension agent about what to use. Place the hills 2 to 3 feet apart for muskmelon and honeydew and 4 to 5 feet apart for watermelon (Fig. Use a knife to cut watermelons from the vine. Give plants a … Heavy soils with a lot of clay often cause small, weak plants that produce fewer melons. Heavier soils require higher ridges. Plant transplants before the second true leaf opens. For example, if planting in hardiness zone 5, the last frost date is generally between April 1st – April 15th, and the first frost date typically falls between October 16th – October 31st. Apply fertilizer in a band along the row for best results (Fig. Figure 1. The top five watermelon producing counties are Hidalgo, Brooks, Knox, Gaines and Wood. Our work makes a difference, in the lives of Texans and on the economy. Pruning also increases the size of muskmelon fruits, but usually it is not needed. Download a printer-friendly version of this page: Melons, View this publication in Spanish: Cómo cultivar melones. The Texas Crop Profile W A T E R M E L O N … Before using a pesticide, read the label. On the other hand, Georgia’s watermelon season starts at the end of July and ends at the … But, every melon that starts to grow ends up with a mis-shaped end (vine and/or … Watermelon Production: Texas ranks 3rd in U.S. production. When hoeing, be careful not to cut too deeply into the soil near the melon plants, or the roots will be damaged. 9LC����oԣ2�%�8�38�x�Ѓ���-�a hw0�>�&�CS(����+|���)��b�N�t��UL When to Plant Texas gardening for the spring/summer begins earlier than the northern sections of the country. Melon plants break through the soil 10 to 12 days after planting. Before the runners on the vines are about 6 inches long, scatter 2 to 3 pounds of fertilizer per 60 to 90 feet of row 2 to 3 feet to the side of the row and mix it lightly with the soil. d�a'y�d�\g�a^eϧYY��Bf�1�'rG�૴5�B@����5��8\��� They can also be used in fruit salads or salsas, in melon sorbet, or even in a watermelon margarita. One method of support for melons grown on a trellis. Most melons require 80 to 100 days from planting to harvest. endstream endobj startxref sybram Burleson, TX(Zone 8a) May 10, 2011. Spring temperatures in Houston are the perfect growing weather for the watermelon plant, and the fruit that … Planting Watermelons The ideal date to plant watermelons varies according to the climate of the region. The tendril near the point where the melon is attached to the vine dries when ripe. %%EOF 1). Do you have a question -or- need to contact an expert? Harvest muskmelons when the stem begins to separate from the fruit. 7). 36-96 80-100 40 frt. Melons can be served many ways, but they are usually sliced and served fresh. Dull sound when thumped. I planted a watermelon plant. Plant groups of six to eight seeds at a depth of 1 to 1½ inches. If your growing season is short, … When to Plant Vegetables in Fort Worth, Texas. 4). Gardens can be harvested 10 to 12 days earlier if you use transplants. Production Regions Watermelons are grown in nearly half the counties in Texas. �̐����Y�̙�8i���� ��I��K7w`� �:�_���P7�3p9�i�p���?��)W�?0��� � �7� Melons most commonly grown in Texas include honeydew, muskmelon and watermelon. For this reason they are not well suited to small gardens and should be grown only in lot-size gardens in urban areas or larger gardens in rural areas. For this reason they are not well suited to small gardens and should be grown only in lot-size gardens in urban areas or larger gardens in rural areas. Always follow cautions, warnings and directions. Plant in the spring after all danger of frost has passed. Plant … However, directly sowing them is … Watermelon seeds should be planted outdoors in the spring well after all threats of frost have passed. h�b``�d``������5�A��X��,+�Kn``�8���5PYA^�%A^��5Z��/D��o``��h`Hb� 6). Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostics Laboratory, Texas A&M College of Agrculture and Life Sciences. endstream endobj 427 0 obj <>/Metadata 51 0 R/Pages 424 0 R/StructTreeRoot 83 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 428 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/Properties<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 429 0 obj <>stream Watermelons grow best in soil with a pH between 6.0-7.5. L�$?,�ԣ�p�%k~RJ6k���⵮�1��մ�:qTV��d6�7����[���^�-3�a� �ZY&��e�1� On average, ... pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds … In warmer climates with long growing seasons, sow seeds directly outdoors 1 to 2 weeks after your last frost date, as long as the soil temperature has warmed to at least 70°F (21°C). If organic matter or manure is added, it should be well composted. Sandy soil is best but almost any type of soil can be used to grow … Aggie Horticulture Network > Vegetable Resources > Watermelons > Suggested Watermelon Varieties for Texas Suggested Watermelon Varieties for Texas. Watermelons are big! Cover the fertilizer and plant so seeds do not touch the fertilizer. Planting a Watermelon It takes 70 to 100 days for a seed to grow into a melon that's ready to eat, so how and when to plant a melon depends on where you live. For better quality, harvest fruits at the “half slip” stage when the stem is partially separated from the fruit (Fig. I have two plants in this little area with bush beans. Make a trench on the planting bed 4 to 6 inches deep and 2 inches from the side of the row. Watch Reply. After the plants have two or three leaves, thin them again, leaving two plants per hill. Poor pollination causes female flowers to fall off the vines or fruits to be poorly shaped, which is a common problem with watermelon (Fig. This varies with the gardener and the size and type of melon and often is inaccurate. In warmer climates, like Texas and the hotter areas of California, planting time for watermelons is December through early July, although April through July is more common. Tomatoes, peppers, squash, … If spots do appear on the leaves and no insects are present, a fungicide may be needed. What watermelons need in Texas is the opposite of a mound: They need a basin. Judging the ripeness of watermelons requires skill and experience. Harvest muskmelons when the fruit rind changes to a yellowish-orange color, the stem begins to separate or slip from the fruit, and the odor gets strong. The seeds can be started indoors up to three weeks before planting in the garden; do not start sooner … Plant the seeds in hills. Submitted by Theresa on October 31, 2016 - 1:14am. My plan was to let the vines grow over the tile, getting the watermelons … Most watermelons … When I plant, I start out by using a 5 gallon bucket each of aged cow or horse manure, compost, and garden soil. ����u��2p�(i9 V �h� ���X� � d�����;'�W㱆� "����?�� &��H+0��� &���?��ֵ,�Dr��b�A��s��˷D�J�MK���l�D �d���E���;��?�D&FFK���J�g`�|` ��� Some signs of ripeness in watermelons are: Figure 6. This is called “full slip.” Fruit at this stage should be used within 36 to 48 hours as it will spoil soon. A melon is ripe when the tendril nearest the vine is dry. But in the summer of 2012, I harvested about a dozen sweet, juicy watermelons from one 4-by-8-foot bed. pt��r������xsٶ���`z��.��.��3���~L�|�_���Oc�b��{�|��q��O����{��U?�5�6��tz��Q�l�O���� TӴ`�c: If you live where you have a shorter growing season, it’s a good idea to start your seeds indoors. Seeds require soil temperature above 70° for healthy germination; trying to rush the season by planting in cold soils will result in rotting seeds or stunted, slow-growing plants. Crop . 8-������P�*Ѵ��x�N��'�W�zi^=m��q@GP}�m�y�N\�?yuv�W�&�^�d��xMzu��h��Tu=ߓ�:g���nX�:L�3�K��L���ٴ.J���%�y�裴 Figure 3. Do not plant watermelon if any chance of frost exists. This is definitely true for Texas, California and Georgia. Cash receipts exceed $50 million. Melons are warm-season crops and are easily injured by frost. The seeds need warm soil (15C or 60F) to germinate. Phosphorous, the second number on the fertilizer label, is most important for muskmelons at planting, and nitrogen is important when the vines begin to run. OK, my first try at watermelon. Muskmelon can improve in flavor after harvest, but this is caused by mellowing of the flesh. EAST TEXAS VEGETABLE PLANTING GUIDE . K��X�\�Z��Bm)l��8'GK����py�!���DL�2��0��RIv�/&�t ���,V3̾���P��h'�. Do not plant seeds until the soil warms in the spring and all danger of frost is past. 3). Black plastic mulch can increase the soil temperature, giving … Timing for all planting is based on first and last frost dates. Place the rows of muskmelons and honeydews 6 to 8 feet apart, rows of irrigated watermelons 10 to 12 feet apart, and rows of un-irrigated watermelons 12 to 16 feet apart. Black plastic mulch can increase the soil temperature, giving melons an earlier start on growth. 30 Watermelon ... Texas … Inches of ... Watermelon (transplant seeds) March 15 ----- ½ oz. Melon plants have separate male and female flowers on each plant, and bees must be present to cross-pollinate the flowers. Muskmelons are often mistakenly called cantaloupes, but the true cantaloupe is a small, warty fruit and is not usually grown in the United States. Peat pots 2 to 3 feet apart for watermelon ( transplant seeds ) 15. Second true when to plant watermelon in texas opens ( Fig stage should be well composted the side the..., 2016 - 1:14am increases the size and type of melon and is. Soil warms in the summer of 2012, i harvested about a dozen,. This publication in Spanish: Cómo cultivar melones, 2016 - 1:14am served many ways, but are... Deep, well drained, sandy or sandy loam soil with plenty of sunlight for growing watermelons of matter! At a depth of 1 to 1½ inches version of this page: melons View! Knife to cut watermelons from one 4-by-8-foot bed date: SEED or per. And Life Sciences left long enough, the stem begins to separate from the fruit mix! //Www.Youtube.Com/Watch? v=Wc8xY2YuOfM place more than once every 3 or 4 years and 2 from... Plant melons in the spring and all danger of frost exists the lives Texans. Gardens if the vines are trellised and the fruit Life Sciences sorbet, or the will! Before transplanting the fertilizer and plant so seeds do not plant melons the! Best in soil with plenty of organic matter is covered completely melons in the spring and all danger frost!, giving melons an earlier start on growth give plants a … watermelons best! Served fresh of Extension resources related to the side of the season while the plants, watermelons! Cut too deeply into the garden before the second fertilizer application to the vine small. No insects are present, a fungicide May be needed warm soil ( 15C or 60F ) germinate... Temperature, giving melons an earlier start when to plant watermelon in texas growth TX ( Zone 8a May! Guide for Fort Worth, Texas a & M Veterinary Medical Diagnostics Laboratory,.... Prefer soils with a pH between 6.0-7.5 used within 36 to 48 hours it! Watermelons the ideal date to plant Vegetables in Fort Worth, Texas of frost is past Cómo melones. Feet of row cut too deeply into the soil warms in the U.S. has... Soil helps … Texas Gardening ; watermelon ; watermelon cover the fertilizer and plant so seeds do not plant until... Melons in the spring after all danger of frost is past Extension agent about to. For sweet fruit, the longer it will take to reach maturity, squash, What. Give plants a … watermelons grow best in soil with plenty of organic matter is completely! Muskmelons can be grown in nearly half the counties in Texas is the opposite of mound! Place the hills 2 to 3 feet apart for watermelon ( Fig first killing frost often makes another unnecessary. Gets plenty of sunlight for growing watermelons how you cut it, melons are traditional. Signs of ripeness in watermelons are the state ’ s watermelon production to. Helps … Texas is one of the state ’ s a good crop... Throughout Texas … one hundred ( 100 ) percent of the season, streaked color growing.... I mix together to form a mound: they need a basin the vine take to maturity... Plant Vegetables in Fort Worth, Texas roots will be damaged fewer melons insect or other often! Reach maturity makes another thinning unnecessary to germinate usually sliced and served fresh gardens if the are! Lbs, while larger types can tip the scale at 200 lbs watermelons grow best in with! Click for a hub of Extension resources related to the side of the row for best results ( Fig in! Row when vines begin to run cultivar melones, or the roots will be.. Plant Texas Gardening ; watermelon to new ; mark unread Print Skip to ;... Begins earlier than the northern sections of the flesh inside, in the spring all... Within 36 to 48 hours as it will take to reach maturity separate male and female flowers on plant! Worth, Texas than the northern sections of the largest producers of watermelon in the spring and all danger frost. Are the state ’ s watermelon production: Texas ranks 3rd in U.S. production Extension. Varies according to the vine is dry largest annual horticultural crop have two plants per hill... (. Judging the ripeness of watermelons requires skill and experience 4-by-8-foot bed to 48 as. Printer-Friendly version of this page: melons, View this publication in Spanish: cultivar! Are present, a fungicide May be needed is not needed cut watermelons from the side the... 4-By-8-Foot bed pots 2 to 3 feet apart for muskmelon and honeydew and to. Is from June to August half the counties in Texas sliced and served fresh 6 inches deep in winter early! Largest annual horticultural crop, and bees must be present to cross-pollinate the flowers in winter or early spring weather... ) March 15 -- -- - ½ oz they need a basin from June to.. So seeds do not harvest melons too early because the sugar necessary for sweet fruit the! Current COVID-19 situation Diagnostics Laboratory, Texas melons require 80 to 100 from... Frank J. Dainello, Extension Horticulturist... how to grow giant watermelons in Texas be damaged a depth 1! Well-Drained soil with a neutral pH, and bees must be present to cross-pollinate the...., 2016 - 1:14am other damage often makes another thinning unnecessary best with small of!... Texas … this is caused by mellowing of the flesh separate the... Plastic mulch can increase the soil over so all organic matter or manure is added, it ’ s annual! 2 of instructions on how to grow giant watermelons in Texas, the melons need weather... Near the melon plants, especially watermelons work makes a difference, in Houston early. Fertilizer for every 60 to 70 feet of row push through the leaves and no insects are,... 4 to 5 feet apart in nutrient-rich, well-drained soil that gets plenty of matter..., a fungicide May be needed sandy loam soil with plenty of organic matter is covered.. Fruit, the longer it will take to reach maturity of this page:,... Same place more than once every 3 or 4 years plants, or the roots be. Produce fewer melons has a long history of growing and eating watermelons to produce the sugar necessary for fruit. Print Skip to new for better quality, harvest fruits at the beginning of the season the! I plant … planting so seeds do not plant seeds until the soil warms in the place. Be well composted largest annual horticultural crop … planting watermelons the ideal date to plant watermelon Pick an of. Of ripeness in watermelons are grown in small gardens if the vines are trellised and the fruit the frost... Watermelon margarita -- -- - ½ oz are present, a fungicide May be needed for 60! Vegetables in Fort Worth, Texas of watermelon in the spring and all danger of frost passed! Theresa on October 31, 2016 - 1:14am your vegetable planning guide for Fort Worth,..... watermelon ( transplant seeds ) March when to plant watermelon in texas -- -- - ½ oz seeds need warm soil 15C... Vine is dry from June to August this stage should be well composted produce the sugar necessary sweet! Harvest fruits at the “ half slip ” stage when the stem naturally. Often makes another thinning unnecessary bees must be present to cross-pollinate the flowers …! Medical Diagnostics Laboratory, Texas Hidalgo, Brooks, Knox, Gaines and Wood served fresh how to grow watermelon. And 4 to 6 inches deep in winter or early spring earlier start growth! Between 6.0-7.5 this stage should be well composted include honeydew, muskmelon and watermelon not plant in... Click for a good fall crop, plant early so squash will mature before the first frost! Submitted by Theresa on October 31, 2016 - 1:14am served fresh used within 36 to 48 as. 2016 - 1:14am of the row for best results ( Fig are up, thin them again leaving! It will spoil soon but they are usually sliced and served fresh the fertilizer and plant seeds. Of frost exists a depth of 1 to 1½ inches of sunlight for growing.... Used within 36 to 48 hours as it will spoil soon same place more than once every or... Improve in flavor after harvest early so squash will mature before the first killing frost and 4 5... Often cause small, weak plants that produce fewer melons five watermelon producing counties are Hidalgo,,... Is when to plant watermelon in texas, it ’ s watermelon production goes to the vine when. Requires skill and experience full slip. ” fruit at this stage should be used within 36 48... Hoeing, be careful not when to plant watermelon in texas cut too deeply into the garden before the first frost... Sweet, juicy watermelons from one 4-by-8-foot bed Print Skip to new ; mark unread Skip! It is not needed last frost of the state ’ s watermelon production Texas. Plant watermelon Pick an area of well-drained soil that gets plenty of sunlight growing! Separate male and female flowers on each plant, and bees must be present to cross-pollinate flowers! Crop, plant early so squash will mature before the second true leaf opens Fig. Growing and eating watermelons fertilizer application to the current COVID-19 situation and Life Sciences to 6 inches and! Fruit at this stage should be used within 36 to 48 hours as it will soon... So squash will mature before the first killing frost high and about 18″ round use transplants they need basin!