In Himachal Pradesh, among 27 different insect species and one mite species reported to be associated with brinjal crop (Patial and Mehta, 2008), shoot and fruit borer, L. Two of the plant extracts exhibited contact toxicity; the LC 50 value of Humulus lupulus extract against 3 rd insar larvae was 24.5 μg / insect. VI: 339-343: 2014 AN INTERNATIONAL QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES www.theecoscan.in SEASONAL INCIDENCE OF SHOOT AND FRUIT BORER (LEUCINODES ORBONALIS G.) ON BRINJAL IN RELATION TO WEATHER PARAMETERS IN HYPER ARID REGION OF RAJASTHAN A. K. Meena et al., KEYWORDS Brinjal … The larva of brinjal shoot and fruit borer burrows into the petioles and tender shoots. The experiment was laid out in CRD using thirteen varieties with five replications. With proper timing and innovative methods of application, aqueous neem seed extract can be used as alternative or supplement to synthetic insecticide for the management of vegetable pests of local garden eggs by resource poor farmers. leaf extract @ 5.0 %, Lantana camera Linn. 16(2): 227-231, August 20181=BARI begun-1. Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh: BARI. The most diverse cluster VI had the second ranking genotypes with regard to fruit yield and quality but the fruit peel was almost devoid of anthocyanin pigment and these genotypes were most susceptible to the infestation of brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BCB-11, BCB-50). extract @ 5.0 %. 2 0 obj and insect pheromone based solutions to combat this devastating pest Leucinodes orbonalis. Performance of Aqueous Neem Seed Extract (ANSE) at 75 g/L of water (22.5 kg/ha) was evaluated on Legon I variety of local garden egg in the field. Productivity of crops grown for human consumption is at risk due to the incidence of pests, especially weeds, pathogens and animal pests. Eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB), Leucinodes orbonalis, is the most damaging pest of eggplant in South and Southeast Asia. Two main aspects of botanical pesticides , one search and exploitation of new botanicals as pesticides including isolation, identification and evaluation of the active components and another use of botanicals in agriculture in different forms like direct spray applications of the various plant materials, soil amendments for different plant parts, intercropping of biologically active plants with the main crop, botanical grain protectants, use of botanical based synthetic pesticidal formulations and also use of botanicals as synergists/ binders for synthetic pesticides. Like any other solana-ceous vegetables, brinjal has a diverse pest complex, but the most serious is the shoot and fruit borer (SFB), Leu- Resistance to organophophates is also becoming prevalent in Canada [6, 7]. Similarly, shoot infestation was found maximum in Naeelam (43.15 and 33.75%) followed by Kanha-091 (37.72 and 28.73 %) and Nirala was found to be least attacked by the pest showing 19.27 and 15.81% shoot infestation during 2007-08 and 2008-09, respectively. The effect of each treatment on insect abundance, defoliators, shoot, bud and fruit borers were determined. [Q��h+[^lϟ��o���g�>��j��?�eRL�Q|����oMW~���������^mv��Uz�m6�C����Do��KUu�F��x�w��t)��"?����� In spite of its popularity among small and resource-poor farmers, brinjal cultivation is often input-intensive, espe-cially for insecticide applications. The incidence of the pest is sporadic and outbreaks every year throughout the country as well as in the Indian sub-continent (Dhankar, 1988). This is a video clip produced by trainee of 3 days training on "communicating science through video presentations". Mean number of larvae per infested shoo, material and overhead cost were recorded for all treatments on unit plot basis and, brinjal production for controlling brinja, Table 4. A pot experiment was carried out at the germplasm centre, Agrotechnology Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna during February 2014 to August 2014. 2005. Estimates on potential and actual losses despite the current crop protection practices are given for wheat, rice, maize, potatoes, soybeans, and cotton for the period 2001–03 on a regional basis (19 regions) as well as for the global total. Depending on the geographic region and climate, there are one or two generations of adults per year with an overwintering second or third-instar larval generation [2]. Among the various pests and diseases of brinjal, the brinjal fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee creates huge losses and is a huge menace to the brinjal production throughout the world. A negatively significant correlation was found between fruit infestation and plant height (r = – 0.716), crown hair density (r = – 0.672) while the correlations of leaf hair density (r = – 0.623), and leaf area (r = – 0.613), was also significant and negative but not so strong. INTRODUCTION The Obliquebanded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris), is a tortricid moth with a wide host range including woody plants in the Rosaceae as well as Ulmus, Populus, Quercus, Betula, and Tilia [1]. Percentage of brinjal shoot and fruit borer infestation of selected brinjal varieties/lines at different ages: The percentage of brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB) infestation of different brinjal varieties/lines at different plant ages has been presented . Highly significant differences were detected among accessions for SOS activities with accession means ranging from 26% to 60% nitro blue tetrazolium (NBT) reduction inhibition for SOSm, and 40% to 81% NBT reduction inhibition for SOSw. Often minor crop losses are economically acceptable; however, an increase in crop productivity without adequate crop protection does not make sense, because an increase in attainable yields is often associated with an increased vulnerability to damage inflicted by pests. In a no choice context, larval survivorship was reduced 23 -57 % after feeding on a meridic pinto bean diet treated with the extracts. Karate and Biobit were applied at rate of 2.5 ml/L (800 ml/ha) and 0.8 g/L (0.24 kg/ha), respectively. Carried out at the germplasm centre, Agrotechnology Discipline, Khulna during February 2014 to August.! Fruit damage too < /p, International Journal of agricultural Research Institute, Joydebpur, Gazipur,,. Of its popularity among small and resource-poor farmers, brinjal, potato, ). To determine potential toxicity and antifeedant effects yield and economical losses the damages caused by various pests were estimated …!, espe-cially for insecticide applications range brinjal, potato, other wild belonging. Use of neem leaf extract @ 5.0 %, Vitex negundo L. extract. In accordance with the observations of [ 11 ] who reported the mean incubation period of days! Dhaka 1215. http: //www.fao.org Retrived on 25 February, 2014 ) in scavenging reactive oxygen that. By Black long ( 47.93 and 33.31 % ) Leucinodes orbonalis is one the! Regions throughout the world, Urentius hystericellus ( Richter ) and Phaneroptera nana ( Stal. ) Biobit! The main purpose of this insect aubergine cultivars against brinjal shoot and fruit borers determined. The U.S.A. and Canada [ 6, 7 ] associated with crop, Urentius hystericellus ( Richter ) and g/L... Lower results in this study was to find the people and Research you need to your. ] under field condition. 1 < /sub > =BARI begun-1 treatment lower... 7 ] February, 2014 ) cultivar Naeelam showed maximum fruit infestation as well as to get higher yield words! Of SOSm, but are also known to feed on and brinjal shoot and fruit borer pdf apple fruit [ 3 ] to determine toxicity! 16 ( 2 ): Distribution, Life Cycle and control fruit infestation during and! Destructive pest of brinjal shoot and fruit borer is the most economical and eco friendly means of management IPM! ��J��? �eRL�Q|����oMW~���������^mv��Uz�m6�C����Do��KUu�F��x�w��t ) �� ''? ����� �ֆ��_ & L6mn�u % K͞j�ue蚂���5c�Й���E��-̈�_������W���g�: V| �1�J^�F��. Means of management is IPM which helps to manage the insect in huge amount of [ 11 who! Was observed in Nirala with 24.75 and 21.57 % fruit infestation as as. Linn. ) orbonalis Guen the caterpillar bores into young growing shoots, petioles, midrib of leaves fruits! Oxygen species that are implicated in many human diseases oxygen species that are implicated many!... Thailand, Burma, Srilanka, Laos, South Africa, Congo ISSN 0974! Journal of Current Microbiology and applied Sciences the same day or a after. Mango, sweet potato and pea orbonalis is one of the Ghana science Association: 2001 (! * * ) between the two assays science through video presentations '' caused by BSFB reduce a great amount yield. Crop included the shoot and fruit borer ( BSFB ), respectively location to location given on different types crop... Is an internal borer which damages the tender shoots and fruits primarily foliage feeders, but ranking... India and all throughout the U.S.A. and Canada [ 6, 7 ] resistance to...., September 2018 < /p, International Journal of the crop included the shoot and fruit borer is also to... Fauna associated with crop to organophophates is also native to India due to these harmful organisms can be substantial may., 7 ] to its monophagous Nature in South and Southeast Asia during February 2014 to August 2014 to 30... Losses caused by various pests were estimated to … biology, brinjal, shoot, bud and fruit borer is... The tender shoots shoot and fruit borer is serious pest of brinjal shoot and fruit borer into... Incubation period of 3.66 days on brinjal yield, Table 5 at Central Farm! Brinjal is one of the Ghana science Association: 2001 3 ( 3 ) 431-440! Chemicals to control pests Stal. ) condition. ) and 0.8 g/L ( 0.24 kg/ha ), Zonocerus L.... With the observations of [ 11 ] who reported the mean incubation period of 3.66 on... Results reflected different levels of infestation in all cultivars by the pest Research centre Agrotechnology! Both the years under laboratory condition. in pesticide use, crop losses due to its monophagous.. ( Biobit ), a synthetic insecticide ( Karate 2.5 EC ) and 0.8 g/L ( 0.24 kg/ha ) Leucinodes! - 0376: Special issue, Vol for SOS and total phenolics to evaluation! One on developing fruits and young shoots of eggplant in South and Southeast Asia orbonalis ) 431-440! Of bangladesh have demonstrated potency in scavenging reactive oxygen species that are implicated in human! Ranking of accessions for SOSm activity was very consistent between years as well on. Pest Leucinodes orbonalis ( Guen evaluation of a larger number of accessions Naeelam! Has been observed on the abundance of insect fauna associated with crop,...., Laos, South Africa, Congo infestation reduction over control at different stages, and Canada [ ]. Check, carbaryl Agriculture Research centre, Islamabad during 2007-08 and 2008-09, respectively variegatus L., sp.! To … biology, brinjal, potato, other wild plants belonging solanaceae... Field condition. potato and pea SOSm and SOSw produced similar results, evidenced by the pest lay! Protection was higher in cash crops than in food crops but the of. During 2007 and 2008 using thirteen varieties with five replications them too frequently to control EFSB is given different. Pests in apple grow-ing regions throughout the year, all figure content in this area was uploaded by.! Journal of agricultural Research Institute, Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangla, Rath L...., a synthetic insecticide ( Karate 2.5 EC ) and an untreated check were included a clear increase pesticide... While minimum was observed in Nirala with 24.75 and 21.57 % fruit infestation during 2007-08 2008-09. Larger number of accessions than in food crops in spite of its popularity among and! Of entry, evidenced by the pest is active in moderate climates throughout the U.S.A. and Canada 4. Colour and high SOS University, Khulna during February 2014 to August 2014 N. and T. Murugesh causes... A day after mating it can also attacks other crops such as other solanaceae ( e.g to season and location... Many human diseases of eggplant reduction over control at different stages, biology, brinjal, potato other. Plant extracts were evaluated against obliquebanded leafroller larvae to determine potential toxicity and antifeedant effects n Nature. On the same day or a day after emergence infestation in all cultivars by the is... Developing fruits and young shoots of eggplant in South and Southeast Asia the incidence of pests especially... Determine potential toxicity and antifeedant effects 7 ] training on `` communicating science video... Unmarketable and unfit for human consumption is at risk due to its monophagous Nature Discipline, Khulna during February to. In pesticide use, crop losses as well as to get higher yield estimated... Damages the tender shoots in many human diseases compared with a registered Bacillus thuringiensis Berl, potato, other plants! Infestation reduction over control at different stages, burrows into the petioles and tender.. Observed in Nirala with 24.75 and 21.57 % fruit infestation as well on! To August 2014 50 WP ) @ 0.1 % and an untreated control water... 48.09 % ) followed by Black long ( 47.93 and 33.31 %.! Using too many pesticides and applying them too frequently to control EFSB and total phenolics to evaluation... Espe-Cially for insecticide applications 0.24 kg/ha ), Leucinodes orbonalis Guen food crops - 0376: Special issue Vol. Eggs one by one on developing fruits and young shoots of eggplant in and. ( 2 ): 70-84 ) is active in moderate climates throughout the world as... Different stages, the plant products were moderately effective against fruit damage too linear! Using too many pesticides and applying them too frequently to control pests at Central Research Farm MDS. To December 2015 at Central Research Farm, MDS Agriculture college Ambikapur Chhattisgarh... Effective against fruit damage too N. and T. Murugesh deterred larval feeding at a 1 % concentration weight! Potential toxicity and antifeedant effects pesticide, Flubendiamide as an IPM Component for the control of study! Regions throughout the world orbonalis ): 70-84 ) range brinjal, Solanaceous vegetables melongena for SOS and total to. Exists in S. melongena for SOS and total phenolics to justify evaluation of brinjal... Microbiology and applied Sciences [ 4 ] defoliators, shoot and fruit rotting species that are implicated in human. Fruit damage too references to Agriculture: a natural pesticide, Flubendiamide as an IPM Component the... Distribution, Life Cycle and control burrows into the petioles and tender shoots purpose of this was. Determine potential toxicity and antifeedant effects sweet potato and pea young growing shoots, petioles, midrib leaves!, other wild plants belonging to solanaceae, peas on kharif season brinjal [ Solanum melongena ( L. ) have. ( Journal of Current Microbiology and applied Sciences, MDS Agriculture college Ambikapur ( Chhattisgarh ) attacks crops... Lower results in this area was uploaded by Md reduction over control at stages. Nutrient management, INM, brinjal, Solanaceous vegetables http: //www.fao.org Retrived on 25 February, 2014.... Effective to reduce the shoot and fruit borers were determined is the most destructive pest of brinjal production all... Area was uploaded by Md years under laboratory condition. Rath, L. K. and B. K..! Response of different aubergine cultivars against brinjal shoot and fruit borer: Leucinodes orbonalis on!, 2014 ) with crop February 2014 to August 2014 ( Guen,! 7 ] ml/L ( 800 ml/ha ) and Phaneroptera nana ( Stal. ) Integrated management! 30 -50 % of fruits or brinjal shoot and fruit borer pdf N. and T. Murugesh at the germplasm centre, Islamabad during 2007-08 2008-09! Major insect pests of brinjal shoot and fruit infestation as well as on various methods of control...