The terminus was designed by British born architectural engineer Frederick William Stevens, in an exuberant Italian Gothic style. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, an Indian Architectural Wonder Posted by SAP Tiatco on October 21, 2018 Early July 2017, a colleague from the University of the Philippines Diliman passed on a daunting task of delivering a lecture on digital humanities in Mumbai, India. See our full list of recommended hotels near Old Town Square. The style of architecture used to build the Gateway of India is Indo-Saracenic. Architectural style. This temple measured 53m wide and 110m long, sitting on a platform that measured 140m wide and 145m long. An agency experienced in the conservation field has been appointed to ensure the architectural conservation of the station buildings and its annexes. This structure brought reputation to Stevens and made Bombay known as the ‘gothic city’. These further include gargoyles, allegorical grotesques carrying standards and battle-axes, and figures of relief busts representing the different castes and communities of India. By the first time world war came to an end in 1918 turkey had lost most of it territory, therefore the issue at that time was how the allied power would treat turkey, the ottoman empire or the Khilafat e usmania and most of its territory had been occupied and this movement was on its peak from 1919 to 1922, although it went on during the letter years. The station was named the Victoria Terminus on the occasion of Queen Victoria's Jubilee in 1887. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) is popular railway station and is a spitting image of Victorian-Gothic style of architecture in India. Book your tickets online for Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai: See 4,503 reviews, articles, and 1,885 photos of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, ranked No.8 on Tripadvisor among 485 attractions in Mumbai. Continual efforts are being made to improve the overall state of the property and to ensure that the same does not decay due to its use by commuters and visitors. The main structure is made of sandstone and limestone, and the interiors of the station are lined with premium quality Italian marble. ", Its original marble columns and sculptures were of Roman workmanship brought in from Carthage and other elements resemble Roman form. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus The imposing design of the Chhaptrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus exposes the exuberant aesthetic of the architectural Gothic style during colonial-era India balancing Victorian, Hindu, Mughal, and Islamic styles with elaborate domes, buttresses, turrets, spires, and shimmering stained glass. The Sydney Opera House is a masterpiece of modern architecture and has become an internationally famous icon after it was being completed about thirty-two years ago, where people all around the world instantly recognise its existence. At the moment, the second phase works are under progress involving the restoration of the Terminus station; this includes conservation works on the property, management of traffic around the site, tourism management, and training of personnel. Since 1992, this beautiful building, together with the Old Town square itself, have been declared national monuments. Hadrian’s design was finalized in 121 when construction began, and he introduced it to Rome in 135. El plano excéntrico de su planta, su cúpula de piedra, sus torrecillas y sus arcos puntiagudos presentan semejanzas con la arquitectura palacial clásica de la India. The Central Railway is one of the largest of the 16 zones of Indian Railways.Its headquarters is in Mumbai at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus). Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST), formerly known, Victoria Terminus, is a modern yet archaic railway station in the bustling capital city of Maharashtra - Mumbai. It became a symbol for Mumbai as a major mercantile port city on the Indian subcontinent within the British Commonwealth. Его замечательный каменный купол, башенки, стрельчатые арки и замысловатый план близки к традиционной архитектуре индийских дворцов. The celebration of these buildings recognizes their interesting mix of Indian design and the influence of the British Raj. Mumbai: Ten firms, including an Adani Group company, have bid for redeveloping the heritage Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (CSMT) Railway station as part of an over Rs 1,640-crore project. Gandhi 's acknowledged social developments inspired a key change in the impression of colonial power that inevitably prompted the breakdown of the British Colonial Empire. Inside the temple one would find two different cellae, sacred inner chambers. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, also known as Victoria Terminus is impressive not only by its size but by its magnificent architecture. United States Declaration of Independence. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is the westernmost end point of the Central Railways of India. However, because of how incredibly detailed and massive the temple was, Hadrian did not live to see the completion of it, as it was completed under the reign of his successor, Antoninus Pius, in 141 AD. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as Victoria Terminus in Mumbai, Maharashtra is a fine example of Victorian Gothic Revival architecture in India, with a blend of themes derived from Indian traditional architecture. His construction and styling of individualized the building. Publications World Heritage Review Series Resource Manuals World Heritage wall map More publications ... Funding World Heritage Fund International Assistance. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) is located in Mumbai on the Western Part of India touching the shores of the Arabian Sea. Its remarkable stone dome, turrets, pointed arches and eccentric ground plan are close to traditional Indian palace architecture. Dit treinstation in Mumbai is een prachig voorbeeld van Victoriaans-neogotische Indiase architectuur, vermengd met traditionele architectuur van India. Chhatrapati Shivaji es un ejemplo excepcional del encuentro entre dos culturas, ya que los arquitectos británicos trabajaron con los artesanos indios para incorporar las tradiciones y los estilos arquitectónicos autóctonos, creando así un nuevo estilo, exclusivamente característico de Mumbai. Its façade, outer view and usage are original. The technical management system of the railway operates adequately, and from this fundamental viewpoint it provides full guarantees for the conservation of the property’s Outstanding Universal Value. In 1956, the New South Wales Government declared an, Khilafat movement was a religious-political movement launched by Muslims of the British India for the retention of the Ottoman caliphate or Khilafat-e-usmania and not for letting for the Muslims holy places goes under the control of non Muslims. Nowadays Kinsky Palace hosts the National Gallery where you can admire a fine collection of ancient Asian and Mediterranean art. This temple was the largest temple in Ancient Rome, and was dedicated to the goddess Venus Felix, known as the Bringer of Good Fortune, and Roma Aeterna, Eternal Rome. It is also the world's busiest railway station. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was the largest building built upto 1887. De stenen koepel, torentjes, spitsbogen en excentrieke plattegrond tonen gelijkenis met de traditionele Indiase paleisarchitectuur. Stevens, werd het symbool van Bombay als gotische stad en grote Indiase internationale handelshaven. Built in 1888, the station is the grand reminder of the British Raj pre-independence and is still one of the most historical landmarks within the Central … Copyright © 2020 IPL.org All rights reserved. The terminus exhibits an important interchange of influences between the two. In fact, the railway station, which still functions as usual, waas a World Heritage Site under … Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus is another UNESCO World Heritage Site situated right in the heart of Mumbai. After the War ended, an overall procedure of decolonization initiated in which England conceded independence to its colonies, starting by India. Antwerpen-Centraal (Antwerp Central) is the main rail station in its … The funds for the management of the Terminus station are provided by the Indian Government. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) and the Fort area, of which it is part, are protected on the basis of this legislation. Indian Railways are working to decongest this terminus and to deviate some of the traffic to other stations. Indian Railways have the means to set aside funds for conservation work required for the upkeep of their buildings. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, staircase, cupola Mumbai, Maharashtra, India Esplanade Mansion (Watson's Hotel), main facade (north elevation) Mumbai, Maharashtra, India Badrinath Temple Jaipur, Rajasthan, India Вокзал Чхатрапати-Шиваджи в Мумбаи (Бомбее), ранее известный как Виктория-Терминус, – это выдающийся пример викторианской неоготической архитектуры в Индии, сочетающийся с мотивами, заимствованными из традиционной индийской архитектуры. The day-to-day maintenance and protection of the building is also the responsibility of the Divisional Railway Manager. Located in the heart of Mumbai, the CST is also a 'World Heritage Site' declared by UNESCO in 2004. The property is protected by a 90.21 hectare buffer zone. In prominent places on the façade the bas-reliefs of the ten directors of the old Great Indian Peninsula Railway Company (GIPR) are shown. An Opera House for Sydney After the sepoy rebellion in 1857 the British government came at the beck and call of the company to take over. The property is located in the southern part of the city, and it is subject to huge development pressures and potential redevelopment. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) is popular railway station and is a spitting image of Victorian-Gothic style of architecture in India. Built in the year 1888, during the British colonial period, this edifice exemplifies the Victorian-Gothic style of architecture. More Contacts Site Map Become a member Donate Now! Well, the reign of queen Victoria is one of the most influential eras, producing plenty of novelist and improving some architectures. United Nations. © UNESCO World Heritage Centre 1992-2021 The central railway covers a large part of the state of Maharashtra and parts of North-Eastern … While the Mughal empire was collapsing (the last seat of power before the British came) The East India Company came Hailing from the great British empire to seek out India’s potential and profit. St. Pancras Station revolutionized structure, material, and texture as these features were described by some “tasteless travesty”. This is one of the finest functional Railway Station buildings of the world and is used by more than three million commuters daily. Over 800 projects throughout the world, ranging from the development of … Located in the heart of Mumbai, the CST is also a ‘World Heritage Site’ declared by UNESCO in 2004. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai (CST), formerly Victoria Terminus (VT), Bombay was such a building. Thanks to its size and its Gothic style architecture towards the sky, this amazing religious building is the prominent feature of the Old Town Square landscape. Стивенсом, и строившееся в течение 10 лет, начиная с 1878 г., стало символом Бомбея как «города готики» и главного международного торгового порта Индии. Het gebouw, ontworpen door de Britse architect F.W. How much do you know about Victorian era in England? De bouw duurde tien jaar (vanaf 1878). The marvellous structure is the perfect example of the Victorian-Gothic style of architecture in India and was built in 1878. The Chhatrapati Shivajhi Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) has also been considered to be developed as a World Class Station by Indian Railways; this would lead to decongesting and reducing the pressures on this Terminus Station, which is now over-crowded by traffic. The doors and windows are made of Burma teak wood with some steel windows mounted in the drum of the octagonal ribbed masonry dome with the coats of arms and corresponding paintings in stained glass panels. The management plan needs to be improved in terms of architectural conservation, and by involving the territorial authorities. This was the first terminus station in the subcontinent. Declared as a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO on July 2, 2004, the train station is Mumbai's historical landmark and also a symbol of the city's Gothic buildings. It includes the first passenger railway line in India, which opened from Bombay to Thane on April 16 1853.. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Station), Mumbai (Bombay): the waiting hall Coronavirus update: Our printing service continues to operate as usual, with framed and unframed prints available for delivery in normal timescales. It is also the southern end point of the central and harbour lines of Mumbai's metropolitan rail transport system. The Terminus is one of the major railway stations in the Metropolis of Mumbai and more than 3 million rail commuters use it everyday. The Great Mosque of Samarra in Iraq, completed in 847 AD, combined the hypostyle architecture of rows of columns supporting a flat base above which a huge spiraling minaret was. The Dutch conducted a attack upon the East India Company and other competitors that sought after the spice market. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) building is the expression of the British, Italian and Indian architectural planning and its use for Indian Railways. In 1996 it was renamed the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in honour of Chhatrapati Shivaji (1627-80), scourge of the Mughals and founder of the Mahratta empire, which was finally extinguished by the British in the early nineteenth century. This just proves that her era is one of the most significant one. It is an outstanding example of the fusion of two cultures, as British architects worked with Indian craftsmen to include Indian architectural tradition and idioms thus forging a new style unique to Mumbai. Gandhi convinced Indians to reject the British institutions and materials in a peaceful manner, this trend was eventually recognized as "Swadeshi. In this analysis I will discuss how the Victorian Gothic style of St. Pancras Station was developed as a result of innovative engineering. In India there were various uprisings and clashes that flared up throughout the span of the British occupation, however it wasn 't until Mohandas "Mahatma" Gandhi 's social endeavors, starting in India since 1915-1920 and ahead, that a different vision for India started to spread among normal. The building, designed by the British architect F. W. Stevens, became the symbol of Bombay as the ‘Gothic City’ and the major international … The long term management plan for the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) was initiated in 1997 by Indian Railways by appointing the Architectural Conservation Cell (ACC) as Consultant. Its construction began in 1878, in a location south of the old Bori Bunder railway station, and was completed in 1887, the year marking 50 years of Queen Victoria'… The style of architecture used is a combination of Victorian Italian Gothic revival and Indian styles. As it was appreciated for its Victorian Gothic style it was admired for its material choice of iron and glass. Mumbai Chhatrapati Sivaji Terminus Formerly: The Victoria Terminus. It is an exceptional example of railway architecture in the British Commonwealth in the 19th century. 希瓦吉终点站旧名孟买的维多利亚终点站,是印度维多利亚时代哥特式复兴风格的建筑典范,融合了印度传统建筑的主题。由英国建筑师F.W.Stevens设计的这座建筑成为孟买这个“哥特式城市”和印度重要的国际商业港口城市的象征。终点站根据中世纪晚期意大利模式的哥特式设计建造,从1878年开始,历时十年以上。其引人注目的石头圆屋顶、塔楼、尖拱和不规则的地面设计, 都接近传统的印度宫殿建筑。英国建筑师和印度工匠相互协作,融合了印度的建筑传统和风格,形成了孟买独一无二的新风格,这是两种文化交汇的杰出典范。. It is a magnificient and ethreal building built in the Gothic style of architecture and serving as the headquarters of the Central Railways in India, this is one of the busiest … Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Western Express Hwy, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India to Shri Hanuman & Shri Shani Maharaj Mandir, Sector 11, Vashi, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India Industrial pollution in the area has been reduced due to reduction in industrial and harbour activities. On the local level, there will be changes in the management system, which will have consequences for the area of the eastern water front of the city. Su construcción, iniciada en 1878 y finalizada diez años después, se llevó a cabo con arreglo a un proyecto arquitectónico de estilo gótico victoriano, inspirado en los monumentos italianos de finales de la Edad Media. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, also known by its former name Victoria Terminus, is a historic terminal train station and UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. The entrance gates to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus carry two columns, which are crowned – one with a lion (representing Great Britain) and the other with a tiger (representing India). Victorian England The elaborate detailing of the heritage building is original. The English choice to give freedom to India emerged essentially out of the need. Het station is naar hoog Victoriaans-gotisch ontwerp gebouwd, gebaseerd op laatmiddeleeuwse Italiaanse modellen. Colonial buildings in India were statements of power and control expressed through their architecture and decoration. William Henry Barlow designed St. Pancras to compete with other stations such as St. Paul’s and Marylebone in the late 1870’s. It has carvings made in local yellow malad stones blended with Italian marble and polished granite in a few places. BRIEF DESCRIPTIONS : The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as Victoria Terminus in Mumbai, is an outstanding example of Victorian Gothic Revival architecture in India, blended with themes deriving from Indian traditional architecture. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus. There are large numbers of other embellishments in statuary, which the architect has introduced in decorating the grand frontage. Another problem is the saline air from the sea.The fire protection system needs to be checked and upgraded. The terminal was built over a period of 10 years starting in 1878. With the, talk about how india was the catalyst that started the downfall of the british empire because after the loss of india they had troubles in iran and egypt (suez canal crisis) and then had lost all their African colonies by 1960 The design of a Opera House began as a civic centre for the musical arts on a site at Bannelong Point, which almost forces it to become at the same time a focal point and civic symbol for a city which seeks to destroy once for all the suggestion that it is a cultural backwater. In addition to the initial 4 railway tracks, the terminus now facilitates 7 suburban and 11 separate out-station tracks. Mumbai was the first city in India to have heritage legislation, enacted by Government Regulation in 1995 (N° 67). Due to this the British thought of Indians as deceitful, dishonorable and dishonest. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is een mooi voorbeeld van samensmeltende culturen, aangezien de Britse architecten werkten met Indiase ambachtslieden om Indiase architectonische tradities in de bouw op te nemen. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, also known by its former name Victoria Terminus, is a historic railway station and a UNESCO World Heritage Site … The Mumbai Metropolitan Regional Development Authority (MMRDA) is working on the Mumbai Urban Transportation Plan, aiming at up-grading the transport network. However, internal modifications and external additions effected a moderate change in the authenticity. It is one of the best preserved and most significant examples of early great mosques, founded in 670 AD and dating in its present form largely from the Aghlabid period . The construction of this iconic landmark was commenced in 1787 and went on all the way till 1887, when it … During the First World War turkey sided with Germany and as Germany started to lose turkey also started losing its territory. The finishing designs of the monument, made by George Wittet, were endorsed in 1914. The first factor of Victorian age that made England in a complete transformation was the architecture in that time. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) is a popular railway station and spitting image of Victorian-Gothic style of architecture, Heritage Site' declared by UNESCO. Web Browser not supported for ESRI ArcGIS API version 4.10. The heritage building retains a large percentage of its original structural integrity. India was no longer a trade partner, it was now a colonie. The Terminus, which is situated in this area is in a strategic position, and will therefore also be affected by these developments. The entrance gates to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) carry two columns, which are crowned, one with a lion (representing the United Kingdom) and the other with a tiger (representing India) and there are tympana portraying peacocks. The entire building retains entire structural integrity. On 31st March 1911, the foundation stone was laid. 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The terminus was designed in Victorian Italianate Gothic style adapted to … This has led to the restructuring of several areas in the surroundings, and the addition of new buildings. Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) (better referred to by its acronym CST) - is a historic railway station on Mumbai suburban railway. WebGL must be enable, Post-Conflict and Post-Disaster Responses, Astronomy and World Heritage Thematic Initiative, Human Evolution: Adaptations, Dispersals and Social Developments (HEADS), Initiative on Heritage of Astronomy, Science and Technology, Initiative on Heritage of Religious Interest, Natural World Heritage in the Congo Basin, Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, Reducing Disasters Risks at World Heritage Properties, World Heritage and Sustainable Development, World Heritage and Sustainable Tourism Programme, World Heritage Centre’s Natural Heritage Strategy, World Heritage Earthen Architecture Programme (WHEAP). Being brothers the Indian, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus: The British Architecture Of The British Rule In India, The events of 1857, which the British termed as ‘mutiny’ and many Indians spoke of as the ‘first battle of independence’, interrupted British rule in India, and also changed the British architectural expression on the subcontinent. Antwerp Central Station. The Great Mosque of Kairouan is constituted of a massive square minaret, a large courtyard surrounded by porticos and a huge hypostyle prayer hall covered on its axis by two cupolas. The buffer zone is established to prevent and reduce negative development in the surroundings. The task was terrifying but the thought of Mumbai was seductive. It became a commercial palace representing the economic wealth of the nation. Discover the astonishing Church of Mother of God before Týn There are 624 listed buildings in the whole city, out of which 63 buildings are Grade-I structures: this includes the Terminus building. Another risk comes from intensive traffic flow and the highly polluted air in the region around the railway station. The premise of the building is a strictly protected area maintained by Indian Railways. A multidisciplinary committee, called Mumbai Heritage Conservation Committee (MHCC) was established to ensure the protection of heritage buildings. All legal rights of the property are vested in the Ministry of Railways, Government of India. This building, designed by F. W. Stevens, is spread across a 2.85 hectare area. The architectural detailing is achieved through white limestone. This led for a need for the Raj to reinforce their authority on. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was built during the British rule in India. AREP is global group, a multi-disciplinary engineering consulting firm. Early railway stations in India were strictly functional and austere, few more so than Lahore, built more like a fort than a station to house troops only … This property is an outstanding example of Victorian Gothic Architectural Revival in India, blended with the themes derived from Indian Traditional Architecture. Turrets, pointed arches and eccentric ground plan are close to traditional Indian palace architecture on March! From Indian traditional architecture a member Donate now building, designed by British born architectural engineer Frederick Stevens. International Assistance eventually recognized as `` Swadeshi Indian Railways s design was finalized in 121 when construction,. Mumbai as a major mercantile port city on the Mumbai metropolitan Regional development Authority ( MMRDA ) popular... The protection of the building is also a ‘ World Heritage Site ’ declared by UNESCO in.... 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Kinsky palace hosts the National Gallery where you can admire a fine collection of ancient and. How much do you know about Victorian era in England revolutionized structure, material and.