[5] By late fall, river levels begin to rise as demands for river water for irrigation subside. endobj <> Nairobi River has somee nvironmental problems For example, there is a lot of garbage, which isnÕt collected. It is she who increases the size of the river when she gets married to Mark Antony Oloo Sigu from some and they proceed to have a large family. �ҁ����A��\���+).�`��ZE��� m���`+�/�ABmƐ&�L��m&. The main stream, Nairobi River, bounds the Northern city centre. [14] In a 2015 agreement with Nebraska local and state government entities, NPPD agreed to decommission the dam in 2017. Between 1861 and 1882, the stretch of the Niobrara River from the mouth of the Keya Paha to its confluence with the Missouri marked the boundary between Nebraska and the Dakota Territory. Apumaric originates from Peru; however, this claim has been contested on several occasions because Apurimac River’s source had always been assumed to be Lake Vilafro in Peru, but many believe the actual source of the river to be Mount Huagra. This is a very short list of rivers in Kenya. The Yangtze is essentially divided into three parts: the Upper Course, the Middle Course, and the Lower Course. It is about the width and depth of the channel. The river joins the Missouri northwest of Niobrara in northern Knox County, just upstream of Lewis and Clark Lake. Eighty percent of human waste in informal settlements in Nairobi City is released into the Nairobi River. Fish and Wildlife Service manages the 9 miles of river that flow through the Fort Niobrara Refuge primarily for wilderness and wildlife habitat, but allows recreation downstream from Cornell Dam. Fish & Wildlife Service, Agate Fossil Beds National Monument - U.S. National Park Service, U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Niobrara River. Many early settlers, such as Mari Sandoz, referred to the river as Running Water. From Akoko, the source, The river flows across the face of Kenya and can be seen in places like Nakuru and Nairobi. The lake measures 14 miles at its maximum length and has a maximum width of 3.7 miles. As it is flush with water, the river carries nutrient-rich soil down the river. The Tigris begins in Lake Hazar, which is located in the Taurus Mountains. Definitions. U.S. Geological Survey. The Niobrara River (/ ˌnaɪ.əˈbrærə /; Omaha-Ponca: Ní Ubthátha khe, pronounced [nĩꜜ ubɫᶞaꜜɫᶞa kʰe], literally "water spread-out horizontal-the" or "The Wide-Spreading Water") is a tributary of the Missouri River, approximately 568 miles (914 km) long, running through the U.S. states of Wyoming and Nebraska. Studies on the various tributaries of the river and basin conducted in the 1990s showed evidence of high levels of chemical and organic pollution. The cleanup exercise started back in April 2018 as part of the Nairobi city regeneration progr A lot happens along the course of the Nairobi River as it makes its way from the north west to the south east of the city. Elizabeth Awiti. It is joined by the Snake River about 13 miles (21 km) southwest of Valentine. Source. 4 0 obj In north-central Nebraska it is joined by the Keya Paha River approximately 6 miles (10 km) west of Butte. Moreover, industrial waste such as chemical substances, which are came from agricultural or industrial areas, are also a serious problem. The following year the dam was acquired by the U.S. Department of the Interior. The quality of surface water in Nairobi River and the adjacent river Athi was assessed to ascertain whether it meets local and international microbiological standards for safe human consumption. The northern section of the Nile passes through Sudan to Egypt and results in a large de… Nairobi River is a river flowing through the Kenyan capital Nairobi. 1 0 obj Mouth of the river definition is - the place where the river enters the ocean. Subject Guide. The stream flows east across northern Nebraska, near the northern edge of the Sandhills and past Valentine. The vegetation in the region is shorter, but the area is dominated by palm trees. Most of Nairobi’s water comes from water dams located about 50km from the city that harness the Aberdares ranges water catchment area. People who have moved to Nairobi informally tend to throw garbage, and their sewage pollutes the river. River discharge and its relationship to stream flow, channel characteristics and hydraulic radius. %���� Today, Nairobi is technically a dead river. Fish & Wildlife Service and National Park Service) to protect the water quality, geologic, paleontologic, fish & wildlife, scenic and recreation values. The lower Niobrara valley is the traditional home of the Ponca tribe of Native Americans. NMS shares picture of a duck in Nairobi River. <> The uncertainty that surrounds Apurimac’s sour… Nairobi River, the main river of the Nairobi River Basin, starts from the Ondiri swamp in Kikuyu. POLLUTION MONITORING NETWORK (PMN) 9 3. Kangongo warned garbage collectors not to pollute rivers. [3] The river drains one of the most arid sections of the Great Plains, and has a low flow for a river of its length. It appears government efforts to clean up the highly polluted Nairobi river are finally starting to bear fruit. The Yangtze has its source in Jari Hill, a place of high elevation in the Tanggula Mountains. <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> [6], The Niobrara's average discharge between 1958 and 2013, measured at the U.S. Geological Survey stream gage at Verdel, Nebraska, 14.8 miles (23.8 km) above the mouth, is 1,757 cubic feet per second (49.8 m3/s). Although officially decommissioned, the dam remains standing. [9], The Snake River tributary is impounded by the Merritt Dam and irrigates about 34,540 acres (13,980 ha) in the area of Valentine, Nebraska. The discovery of the source was relatively recent, having only been noted in the late 20th century. [4] The river is highest in the spring and early summer (February through April) and lowest in early fall (August and September). All of the Nairobi Basin Rivers join East of Nairobi and meet the Athi River. The ca. endobj Mouth › The mouth, or end, of the river is where it empties out into the sea, creating a muddy estuary or a fan-like delta. Rivers always have a source (beginning) on high ground, where the flow of water starts. The Niobrara River (/ˌnaɪ.əˈbrærə/; Omaha-Ponca: Ní Ubthátha khe, pronounced [nĩꜜ ubɫᶞaꜜɫᶞa kʰe], literally "water spread-out horizontal-the" or "The Wide-Spreading Water") is a tributary of the Missouri River, approximately 568 miles (914 km) long,[2] running through the U.S. states of Wyoming and Nebraska. The dam was built in 1927 and was operated by the Nebraska Public Power District. River experts claim they have finally found the source of the longest river in Scotland. stream [10], Cornell Dam, built in 1915 at the confluence of Minnechaduza Creek near Valentine, generated power until 1985. The area where the mouth of the Amazon River is located in eastern Brazil features a number of islands. National Park Service: Niobrara National Scenic River. The highest flow recorded was 39,100 cubic feet per second (1,110 m3/s) on March 27, 1960. Contents [15] The dam was breached by flooding caused by a March 2019 storm. Standard bacteriological techniques were used to describe bacteria content from water samples collected from the two confluent sources. The source is the farthest point of the river stream from its estuary or its confluence with another river or stream. Management is based upon working with private, county, state and federal landowners and stakeholders to coordinate protection of the river while ensuring a quality experience for river visitors. <>>> Sources for rivers are typically found at higher elevations than downstream portions of the river. These rivers are mostly narrow and highly polluted. Dunlap Diversion Dam, 8 miles (13 km) below Box Butte, diverts water through a 13-mile (21 km) canal to the farmland. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. Channel shape: this is the shape of a cross section through the river channel itself. [18], Niobrara River at the Nebraska Highway 7 crossing. How rivers change from source to mouth. All of the Nairobi basin rivers join east of Nairobi and meet the Athi River, eventually flowing to the Indian ocean. [12][13], Spencer Dam, about 50 miles (80 km) from the mouth of the Niobrara, was the last operational hydroelectric plant on the river. This could be melting snow, groundwater that overflows in the form of a spring, or excess rainwater that runs off mountains. Since the launch of the Nairobi River Restoration Project early last year, 21 bodies have been discovered among them 16 infants and five adults with Korogocho area being the worst affected. The river has a length of 1,150 miles and a basin area of 144,788 square miles. This list is arranged by drainage basin, with respective tributaries indented under each larger stream's name. Its catchment covers ca. There are two forms of pollution control inventories: substance inventories relating to use, risks and marketing of specific substances and the pollution discharge inventory which quantifies pollution discharging to a particular watercourse. ��d��O�rը�S��O:���J 앨 ��=�������5�!_�#���|P�.���5(Ķtd1�oD1�?���� Eq�%bO#�����'��� �F%�*�Ca��{�����1�0P8��zb�a��Xg�npŰ�J(�OLZ�A�� \�ءF��� �E�d�J�ŸQ�)\O�^�$$2���� 1000 km long Tana River is the longest river in Kenya, and gives its name to the Tana River County. The White Nile meets the Blue Nile at Khartoum. [citation needed], The Box Butte Dam, completed in 1946 by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (USBR), is the only major dam on the Niobrara River proper. The Tigris flows for approximately 249 miles through Turkey before forming a 27 mile long portion of the Turkish-Syrian bor… 3 0 obj endobj Nairobi River is a river flowing through the Kenyan capital Nairobi. http://www.nps.gov/niob/planyourvisit/river-level.htm, http://nwis.waterdata.usgs.gov/nwis/monthly/?referred_module=sw&site_no=06465500&por_06465500_8=593989,00060,8,1928-08,2013-10&format=html_table&date_format=YYYY-MM-DD&rdb_compression=file&submitted_form=parameter_selection_list, http://www.nps.gov/niob/planyourvisit/rivercond.htm, "USGS Gage #06465500 on the Niobrara River at Verdel, NE", http://www.usbr.gov/projects/Project.jsp?proj_Name=Ainsworth+Unit, http://www.nps.gov/niob/historyculture/places.htm, http://norfolkdailynews.com/news/studies-under-way-to-determine-feasibility-of-removing-cornell-dam/article_1dc78b22-26f2-55ed-9d18-3a375d298929.html?mode=jqm, http://journalstar.com/news/local/dam-on-niobrara-river-may-be-removed/article_f3d5f403-39db-5e59-b960-b364e7349e13.html, http://www.nppd.com/about-us/power-plants-facilities/hydroelectric/, https://www.omaha.com/news/nebraska/nppd-to-shut-down-spencer-dam-hydropower-plant-give-up/article_9d00c0e6-57d6-11e5-86d6-1ffdfd8a6188.html, https://ktiv.com/2019/03/14/sheriff-reports-spencer-ne-dam-compromised/, "AISRI Dictionary Database Search--prototype version. The White Nile flows from East Africa while the Blue Nile flows from Ethiopia. [8], Most of the lands within the boundary of the National Scenic River are, and will remain, in private ownership. In Khartoum, the capital of Sudan, the section of the Nile is called White Nile. These islands are dotted throughout the river. Nairobi River is a tributary of River Athi which will be the main source of water for the dam. Key words: Ngong River, Nairobi industrial area, river pollution, industrial effluents, organic pollution, heavy metal pollution. Tana River, river, Kenya, flowing 440 miles (708 km) from its headwaters in the Aberdare Range and Mount Kenya to the Indian Ocean.Taking a northeasterly course at first, the river plunges over the Kitaru (Seven Forks) Falls (440 feet [134 m]) into a semidesert landscape that constitutes its middle course. 첆;�� ����}�oO�8r˜ 5[�Hp�8e�J��Ohœ�B�g�z���M��u]�*��>L���$w����N�wj_��=���9��A��*���.H�^]�s��z������L^R�l�����B0ow��2��ˁ�k&��� ���'s�@� ^_f�@��`?PP�*P�ox7�K�cNO�%d�F#tl��)������������m&��[6�+a�!�Ua-�X�Y q\�j�S=���~��Ec�_4���H��hl���hwxFנ�ȕ�x\�2����#����/pe4J�q~�����T������?� ��;�0iR�d�\l���Jj��'����N�=��~8������إ{�� THE NAIROBI RIVER BASIN PROGRAMME (NRBP-PHASE III) 6 1.1 Nairobi River Basin Project – Phases I & II 7 2. The National Park Service manages the remaining 67 miles, acting as a facilitator for resource protection by landowners and river users, providing law enforcement and visitor education services, and coordinating resource management activities. Ondiri was initially called ‘Old Lady Swamp’ but local mispronunciation saw the swamp named Ondiri, a name which has stuck to date. At first, the river appears to dry up when Obura and Owang sino die suddenly but it picks up in Nyaberas daughter. Introduction . The lowest daily mean was 102 cubic feet per second (2.9 m3/s) on November 13, 1960.[7]. [11] The feasibility of removing the defunct dam has been studied, although the accumulation of sediment behind the dam, which may include high levels of chemicals from pesticides, may be harmful to the river environment if released. This section has a strong link to the Geography IA. Both tributaries are located on the left side of the Great Rift Valley. It then flows southeast across the Pine Ridge country of Sioux County, then east through Agate Fossil Beds National Monument, past Marsland, and through Box Butte Reservoir. The term White Nile is used to highlight the area separating Lake No and Khartoum. The main portion of the river often travels through a floodplain, leading out to the river's mouth, where the river deposits its water into a larger body, such as an ocean or a lake. One of the most significant tributaries that feed into the Amazon River which has always been assumed to be the source is the Apurimac River. These rivers are mostly narrow and highly polluted, though recent efforts have seen fruitful gains in cleaning up the river. "River", Southband Pawnee", Wyoming Division of State Parks and Historic Sites, Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge, Upper Missouri River Breaks National Monument, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Niobrara_River&oldid=1002761114, National Park Service Wild and Scenic Rivers, Wild and Scenic Rivers of the United States, Articles needing additional references from December 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing undetermined-language text, Articles containing Omaha-Ponca-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2014, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 January 2021, at 23:02. This after a duck was spotted taking a leisure swim on the river close to the Nairobi CBD. It is managed by the Department of the Interior (U.S. It includes two Westinghouse generators, with a combined capacity of 3,000 KW. The Upper Course comprises of the Tibetan Plateau des… Water Sources. An estimated 70 percent of the river's water results from seepage from the Ogallala Aquifer that underlies the area, with the remaining 30 percent from precipitation. ���+V�K@�ۡ� ]��3}J��~P1�ڡ&�D5�q��6�\OKkܴ6Q�\lZ�8���c��ԠN��&I����$a�ޥ�5t�[�ݴ;�bS� ��_���� ���4��:�#U9�������\e The Niobrara flows east as an intermittent stream past Lusk and southeast into northwestern Nebraska. The Niobrara's watershed includes the northern tier of Nebraska Sandhills, a small south-central section of South Dakota, as well as a small area of eastern Wyoming. Because of this, there is less plant diversity. x��\�n�F}7��G+�i6��l'��d���� �LY\˒��F0����K_(��"�r��$��U]]u��t3��.�٤�����&��A|��Z�������ח����Xdu�\\|Y��x�v���r8W�c����q�Tz���SO���ɿ��ӓ��ӓ�[)�t�@�MOO$�s���^ ��>�_b�XA��~%���'_���wq��ӓ���'�EC#q�i,�ů8�O㟮�۟�Q;2!�I_����� �����ݷ5���(d8��5��o 뷟�u��r-�������s���MO:0�~�i�M)t�h�9I$�$td,�F$l�]˔��EN�5&� w?�Ի�op����1N]�E7mͩw���-s��[\�����]� �d%N�t�zoH�9�tU���Y.�DFgU�Ճ�,�y��X��pu>8��JX R*������� >=�gE>����a �����=?����z^`cQ���3H}���@��Pc��%��Rp�{z����}gKz4�[b�w