Toki Pona is a pidgin-like language designed to express basic human realities by reducing words and ideas to their most simple and universal meanings and avoiding unnecessary complexity. It was created by Canadian linguist Sonja Elen Kisa in 2001. Because toki pona is almost never used in face to face situations, the word is used much the same as ona, except that ni can refer to an entire sentence, where as ona can't and primarily refers to a noun phrase. Toki Pona is often compared to … ... toki. Useful phrases in Toki Pona. It’s an experiment to see how minimalist a language can get. This side describes the entire grammar, the other side contains the entire vocabulary. Cheat sheet by blinry, CC0. Thus I decided to create this monologue to learn Toki Pona. Pona means good, well, wonderful, tasty, nice or cool. Just take the words toki and pona. It’s fast, it’s fun and it’s mind-bogglingly effective. Toki Pona Complete All the 118 Toki Pona Words. So besides being the name of the language, toki pona can mean good language or wonderful language but not well language or tasty language. The grammar of toki ma is more or less the same as that of toki pona, but with a few additions to include for example verbal aspect and subordinate clauses. jan li lukin. A minimalist constructed language, resembling a creole, designed by Sonja Elen Kisa. Toki means language, speech or dialect. * li lukin. Also, toki pona is highly polysemous, so a decent glosser would have to pick from one of tend possible meaning for each word. The man sees (something). Meaning of TOKI. What does TOKI mean? Join millions of people who are already learning for free on Memrise! What does toki-pona mean? Other Resources. morr.cc/toki-pona-cheat-sheet/ Alphabet Toki Pona uses nine Word for word glossing/pseudo-translator tp to English The basic idea is that if you completely understand all of the grammar and words used in this story, you should know all of the words and grammar rules (at least most forms) in Toki Pona. It is always wrong to drop a subject.? Toki Pona Toki Pona is a constructed language created by Canadian linguist and translator Sonja Lang in 2001. Another challenge is that glossing rules tend to assume one word has many meanings, while in toki pona, it takes many words to equal one meaning. Welcome to Memrise! Toki Pona aims to express maximal meaning with minimal complexity. Like a pidgin, it focuses on simple concepts and elements that are relatively universal among cultures. Toki Pona is a simple constructed language consisting of 120 words and 18 basic sounds. However, if we read moku as a predicate adjective or predicate nominative, this sentence could also be parsed as "I am edible" or "I am food". This combination of grammatical vagueness with the wide conceptual range of most words can make toki pona highly ambiguous at times. Thus you can learn Toki Pona in … It is a minimal language. The language uses words from English, Esperanto, Finnish, Croatian, Georgian, Dutch, Chinese, but with changed meanings. Jump to phrases. moku is most likely a verb, which gives this sentence the meaning "I eat". I don't think Toki Pona would be easy to put in the Duolingo format. Inspired by the principles of Taoism and primitivism, the entire language has only 14 sounds and under 200 words.” Information and translations of TOKI in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. See these phrases in any combination of two languages in the Phrase Finder. 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