Some people are born with a predisposition towards anxiety, which makes them particularly susceptible to developing phobias.Phobias may develop as a response to pressure or following traumatic events. Nyctophobia: This phobia is a fear of the nighttime or darkness. So having a phobia … A phobia is an excessive and irrational fear reaction. Factors in the family environment, such as parents who … Phobias are defined as an irrational and excessive fear of objects or situations which are unlikely to cause serious harm or danger to an individual. In much the same way, the external phobia causes listed above will not help you with overcoming the fear. Understanding Phobias and Their Possible Causes, Ⓒ 2021 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved. In schizophrenia, people have visual and auditory hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, negative symptoms such as anhedonia, and disorganized symptoms. Symptoms include vertigo, dizziness, sweating, and feeling as if they’ll pass out or lose consciousness. The exact causes of complex phobias, such as agoraphobia and social phobia, are unknown. In some cases, a change to the brain causes the development of a phobia. Phobias can be broadly classified into specific phobias – simple or complex: Specific phobias. Fear arises with the threat of harm, either physical, emotional, or psychological, real or imagined. Psychoeducational Group Therapy Can Help You Overcome Your Phobias, Daily Tips for a Healthy Mind to Your Inbox, A review and meta-analysis of the heritability of specific phobia subtypes and corresponding fears. Changes to brain structure, such as traumatic brain injuries, are known to cause personality and behavioral changes. The most common are fear of spiders, fear of snakes, and fear of heights. So many of us refuse to leave our comfort zones because we are afraid ofdoing something wrong, something that could damage our lives forever. Agoraphobia is a fear of places or situations that you can’t escape from. 2013;27(4):379-88. doi:10.1016/j.janxdis.2013.04.007. Specific phobias are a common anxiety disorder. Do you have trypophobia? Inherited traits. A bounding pulse is a pulse that feels as though your heart is pounding or racing. 3. These are phobias which cause intense and persistent fear which is restricted to specific situations or objects. It's the medical term for fear of public speaking. Early humans were more likely to survive (and reproduce) if they recognized or feared … © 2005-2021 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. ... People with agoraphobia fear... Social phobia. Some people fear large, open spaces. Sign up to find out more in our Healthy Mind newsletter. hot flushes or chills. Explains phobias, including possible causes and how you can access treatment and support. One of the most common causes of fear is failure. If you have a phobia, it’s critical that you seek treatment. For others, there seems to be a stronger genetic predisposition. A phobia is an overwhelming and unreasonable fear of an object or situation that poses little real danger but provokes anxiety and avoidance. Hemophobia: This is a phobia of blood or injury. People with phobias often realize their fear is irrational, but they’re unable to do anything about it. Read about why it happens and how to manage it. dry mouth. Causes . Unlike the brief anxiety most people feel when they give a speech or take a test, a phobia is long-lasting, causes intense physical and psychological reactions, and can affect your ability to function normally at work or in social settings. Distressing events, such as nearly drowning, can bring on a phobia. Do You Know How Many People Have Phobias in the U.S.? How Are the Most Common Phobias or Fears Treated? It almost always begins as a typical childhood fear. Learn the symptoms plus see examples of pictures that may trigger a fear response. Much is still unknown about the actual cause of specific phobias. What Causes fear. 2. Van houtem CM, Laine ML, Boomsma DI, Ligthart L, Van wijk AJ, De jongh A. While traditionally considered a “negative” emotion, fear actually serves an important role in keeping us safe as it mobilizes us to cope with potential danger. What causes phobias? Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. People with this phobia have severe physical symptoms when they even think about being in front of a group of people. Tips for Overcoming Your Fear of Flying, Why It Happens, and More, Everything You Should Know About Claustrophobia. Learn more about claustrophobia, from additional symptoms to treatment options. National Institute of Mental Health. However, it's thought that genetics, brain chemistry and life experiences may all play a part in these type of phobias. Here are a few more of the most common ones: Glossophobia: This is known as performance anxiety, or the fear of speaking in front of an audience. Phobias have different symptoms from serious mental illnesses such as schizophrenia. People with this phobia avoid mountains, bridges, or the higher floors of buildings. a choking sensation. When it progresses past adolescence, it’s considered a phobia. Substance abuse, especially over a long period of time, can cause changes to brain chemistry and structure that can induce a phobia. All rights reserved. Overcoming phobias can be difficult, but there’s hope. Resources, awareness, medically accurate information, and support can…. However, it is thought that genetics, brain chemistry and life experiences may all play a part in the development of these phobias. Adults generally recognize that their fears are irrational or excessive, and this can act as an isolating factor. What causes a phobia? Immediate family members of phobia sufferers are about three times more likely to also have a phobia than those who do not have such a family history. Everything You Should Know About Trypophobia, Glossophobia: What It Is and How to Treat It. Learn about agoraphobia causes, symptoms, and…. Children or people with a low socioeconomic status are more likely to have social phobias. The therapy focuses on identifying and changing negative thoughts, dysfunctional beliefs, and negative reactions to the phobic situation. Complex phobias. Children who have a close relative with an anxiety disorder are at risk of developing a phobia. Substance abuse and depression are also connected to phobias. In general, these tend to arise during childhood or adolescence and over time tend to become less severe. The physical reactions (symptoms) a person experiences when faced with the object of their fear are real and aren't simply "in their head". … Causes and risk factors Causes and risk factors phobias is very. Many people dislike certain situations or objects, but to be a true phobia, the fear must interfere with daily life. The most common and disabling symptom of a phobia is a panic attack. Social phobia is when a person fears a situation due to worries about others judging them. Anxiety disorders tend to run in families. Fear is incredibly complex. It involves exposure to the source of the fear in a controlled setting. Glossophobia isn't a rare disease. Genetic and environmental factors can cause phobias. What Causes Fear - A Scientist's Perspective... Well, it is a natural response to danger or pain for one thing. Learned responses, picked up in early life. People with ongoing medical conditions or health concerns often have phobias. This phobia generally develops after an unpleasant experience at a dentist’s office. The Different Reasons Why People Are Afraid of Mirrors, Questions Your Therapist May Ask During Your Phobia Intake Interview, The Goals of Therapy for Phobia to Help You Reclaim Your Life, How Phobias or Persistent and Extreme Fears Are Treated, The Differences Between Phobia and Panic Disorder, Common Phobic Reactions for the Three Types of Phobias, Revolving Door Syndrome Helps Understand Relapse in Phobias. A review and meta-analysis of the heritability of specific phobia subtypes and corresponding fears. J Anxiety Disord. What Is Haphephobia and How Can You Manage Fear of Touch? Causes may include: 1. View this information as … In most cases, specific phobias develop in early childhood between the ages of 7 and 11, though it is possible for a phobia to develop at any age. And Scientists believe it comes about as a result of natural selection. Certain phobias have been linked to a very bad first encounter with the … accelerated heartbeat. Often, thos… When to seek help for phobias and fears Although phobias are common, they don’t always cause considerable distress or significantly disrupt your life. It is likely however, that both biology and environment come together to play a role in the development of a phobia. With the right treatment, you can learn to manage your fears and lead a productive, fulfilling life. extensive media coverage of a terrorist attack). An estimated 19 million Americans have a phobia that causes difficulty in some area of their lives. Seek the help of your doctor if you have a fear that prevents you from leading your fullest life. Exposure to confined spaces, extreme heights, and animal or insect bites can all be sources of phobias. A structure in the brain called the amygdala (uh-MIG-duh-luh) may play a role in controlling the fear response. Like many other mental health conditions, social anxiety disorder likely arises from a complex interaction of biological and environmental factors. A person with hemophobia may faint when they come in contact with their own blood or another person’s blood. Some are responses to traumatic events, like a bite from a dog. Social phobia is also referred to as social anxiety disorder. Read our, Medically reviewed by Daniel B. These fears would only be called phobias if they caused problems in the child's daily life, or if they caused the child to suffer from severe anxiety or emotional distress. A phobia involves intense irrational fear or anxiety when encountering (or simply thinking about) a particular situation, place, or thing, such as lizards, flying, or public bathrooms. Several types of phobias exist. The physical effects of these sensations can include: sweating. Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder, a condition that activates the “fight or flight” response and creates feelings of imminent danger that are out of proportion to the reality of the situation. If you have a phobia, you may experience a deep sense of dread or panic when you encounter the source of your fear. Still, other fears may occur because they cause physical symptoms, such as being afraid of heights because they make you feel dizzy and sick to your stomach. The word itself refers to “fear of open spaces.” People with agoraphobia fear being in large crowds or trapped outside the home. Causes Phobias often begin in childhood. Arachnophobia: This means fear of spiders. Have you ever wondered what causes phobias? There may be a link between your own specific phobia and the phobia or anxiety of your parents — this could be due to genetics or learned behavior. In other cases, unreasonable fears may develop with no apparent trigger.